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Flashcards in EENT Deck (17):
1

Normal flora - paranasal, middle ear, pharynx

paranasal - sterile
middle ear - sterile
pharynx - strep viridans, strep pneumoniae, staph epidermidis, haemophilus influenza

2

normal flora - URT

sterile

3

normal flora - nose

staph epidermidis, staph aureus (imp colonizer)

4

normal flora - mouth

strep viridans, staph epidermidis, various strep

5

normal flora - gingival

anaerobes

6

blepharitis

inflammation of lid margins
Et: seborrhea, staph, strep, gland dysfunc
Tx: lid scrub topical abx

7

conjunctivitis

viral, bacterial, allergic
Et: viral - adenovirus, HSV
bacterial - staph, strep
Hx: tearing, irritation, burning, stinging
viral - watery discharge
bacterial - copious, purulent discharge; bilateral
Tx: viral - eye lavage
bacterial - topical abx

8

hordeolum

Et: staph aureus; stye
Tx: warm compress, I&D
*internal --> chalazion

9

Orbital Cellulitis

Test: CBC, blood and drainage culture
Tx: EMS, IV abx

10

Otitis Media

Et: strep pneumonia, H. influenza, moraxella catarrhalis; poor drainage eustachian tubes
Hx: fever, pressure, pn
Tx: amoxicillian
F/U: 3 days

11

Labyrinthitis

Et: unknown --> 2nd otitis or viral infection
viral - measles, mumps, URI
bacteria - strep pnuemonia, h. influenza, moraxella catarrhalis
Hx: temp vertigo N/V

12

Acute Mastoiditis

Tx: EMS, IV abx

13

Otitis Externa

Et: bacterial or fungal
Tx: topical abx, steroid drops

14

URI

Et: Rhinovirus, coronavirus
Hx: rhinitis and nasal congestion
Tx: symptomatic

15

Strep Throat

Et: Group A - strep pyogenes
Hx: tonsillar exudate, anterior cervical adenopathy, fever, no cough

16

Infectious Mononucleosis

Et: epstein barr virus; adolescents, young adults
Hx: fever, pharnygitis, tonsillar exudate, fatigue, posterior lymphadenopathy

17

Sinusitis

Et: viral or bacterial - strep pneumoniae, H. influenzae, moraxella catarrhalis
Hx: purulent discharge and fever = bacterial
Tx: viral - supportive; bacterial - abx