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Flashcards in Effects Deck (26):

What is reverb?

Reverb is essentially reflections which which persist after the original sound has diminished. The reflections diminish gradually in amplitude and the time this takes depends on the environment


How is reverb generates in modern recording studios

Using digital algorithms and plug ins, recreating reverb characteristics and ambiance


What is convolution reverb?

This stimulates the reverberation of a physical space or performance venue


What is Pre - delay?

Refers to the amount of time between the original dry sound and the audible onset of early reflections and reverb tail


What is reverb time?

The time taken for the reflections to diminish by 60dB from the first reflection


Why does room size matter in reverb?

The room size alters the delay times of the early reflections of reverb creating the effect of a larger or smaller space


What is diffusion in reverb?

Diffusion creates the character of the reverb tail. Higher diffusion is smoother while less diffusion can be clearer


How does width effect reverb?

Width increases the stereo image response of the reverb


What does HF damping do?

HF damping increases or decreases the loss of high frequency detail in the reverb tail as it diminishes.


What is Gated Reverb

Micing the ambience of a room, often heavily compressed using a noise gate to produce a sharp cut off


What is reverse reverb?

A modification of gated reverb where a reverse type envelope is applied to the early cluster of reflections. Sound sounds backwards even though it is not


Chamber reverb/echo chamber

Sending signal to a loudspeaker in the chamber a mic picks up. The wet signal is blended with the dry signal.


What is plate reverb?

A transducer creates vibrations in a large plate of sheet metal. A pickup captures the vibrations and the result is an audio signal


What is spring reverb?

A transducer at one end of a spring and a pickup at the other to create and capture vibrations.


What is delay?

An audio effect which records an input signal to an audio storage medium then plays back after a period of time.


What is the earliest forms of delay and how did it work?

Reel to reel tape machines where the record head of the tape machine was converted to another playback head, the difference in the distance between the two heads created a short delay called tape echo or slap back echo


What options do digital delay units present?

Control over the time before playback
Select overall level of the processed signal
Level the delay signal is fed back into the buffer to be repeated
Audio filters
Multi tap delays


What do software delay systems allow us to do?

Manipulate several parameters in the delay


What is delay time?

The time between each delayed repetition


What is feedback?

The length of time that the delayed repetitions last for


What does EQ and filters do?

Shape the tone of the delayed signal


What is mix level?

The balance between the original signal and the processed delayed signal


What is panning?

Stereo delays allow the user to pan each side


What is a flanger?

A time based effect that occurs when two identical signals are mixed together but with one signal time delayed by a small and gradually changing amount


What is phasing?

The properties are similar to Flanders but a phaser uses all pass filters which are fed back into themselves


How was flanging originally created?

A signal would be recorded to two tape machines. An engineer would put a finer on the flange of one of the tape machines to make it slip in and out of sync