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Flashcards in effects Deck (11)
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“For flood and fire and famine, she pays us back threefold”

The alliteration, hyperbole and listing in this line draw the reader’s attention to the untamed nature of the Australian landscape. The personification of the land as a woman heightens the rights of the land and reiterates how powerless we as humans are in comparison to nature.


“Core of my heart, my country”

The personal pronoun shows that the speaker feels a deep connection with the land and has a sense of ownership over the land by using the word ‘my’. The composer uses the metaphor of the land being at the core of her heart which expresses this paramount connection with the land. She feels like Australia is her own as she feels so deeply connected within her soul and heart.


“All you who have not loved her, you will not understand.”

The composer uses this divisive language to divide her audience into Australians and ‘everyone else’. She highlights this deep profound, intrinsic connection that we each have with our own homeland that is only understood by us.


“Her beauty and her terror.”

This use of juxtaposition contrasts the idea of Australia being beautiful to it being terrifying and untamed. Everywhere in Australia has its unique dangers and its incredible beauties which is what makes Australia. The composer uses this to show that even though Australia is untamed and unpredictable it is still my country and a land that I love no matter what.


“Out of the blackness, every morning, on the other side of the world, like a red flower.”

This simile employs the idea of natures never ending beauties as the sun rises every morning and blossoms into a red flower. This symbolism of a flower and the colour red really puts into perspective how beautiful and amazing our earth is. It fascinates the reader with the fact that the sun does go to sleep and wake up every morning like us humans. Also, by using the ‘red flower’ it also demonstrates the idea of that nature is not just plants as the sun brings life, warmth and light to our world each and every day.


“As the sun reaches out, as it warms you”

This use of personification implies that nature can do anything humans can and more. The reader is able to read this and understand what the sun really does. The sun provides us with light and warmth which is what we all want. This portrays the sun as comforting as it does so much for us and all of this is forgotten in today’s society.


“Or have you too gone crazy for power, for things?”

This rhetorical question draws the readers mind to change their thoughts as now instead of describing the sun the author is criticising society and their lack of embracing the beauty of nature around them. The readers are put in a harsh position where they have to think about this, the question makes them critically think if they really do this and now they will soon focus on what’s around them instead of being self-obsessed.


“I love a sunburnt country.”

Through this juxtaposition we see the deep love for the landscape and she describes Australia as a bright and warm place as sunburnt is what Australia is like. However, sunburn can also be referred to as a harmful and painful thing which shows juxtaposition through beauty and terror of Australia’s landscape.


“The hammocks of bone and meat”

This metaphor makes an ironic reference to bone and meat are depersonalised commodities. This is saying that we are no different to animals and is portraying to the reader that we all are bones and meat, not just animals. We all end up as bones and nature is more powerful and will live on forever.


“With a sound like fire uncontrolled”

This simile refers to the fact that nature is untamed and unpredictable as the waves are described as fire being uncontrolled. Nature can kill us but we cannot kill nature. The reader is exposed to the fact that nature can do so much that we cannot do. This use of auditory imagery puts it into the readers head of what nature is capable of and how something so beautiful can be so dangerous.


“It’s gravestones hump the grass”

This personification employs the idea that human bodies are nothing and meaningless. Humans are forgotten when they are no longer alive. Gravestones hump the grass is not realistic as gravestones are objects that can’t move. It also makes a contrast with how we as humans end up in nature as the grass and the soil we are buried in are a part of nature. The reader is put into a position of all emotions as they are shocked to hear about what nature can really do to us and how we will come and go but nature will stay forever.