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Flashcards in EH1 Deck (28):
1

Autonomy

To honor the patient's right to make their own decision

2

Beneficence

To help a patient advance his/her own good

3

Non-maleficence

To do no harm

4

Justice

To be fair and treat like cases alike

5

In the evolution of medicine, what does this statement refer to? "The conception of natural causation (of disease)... marks the most epochal advance in intellectual experience".

The theory of the four humors

6

An "asymptomatic disease" is

A disease without illness being expressed by the patient

7

Patient-centered interview comprises

An exploration of the agenda of both the health professional and the patient, and integrating the two

8

What are the three common features of professional disciplines

1. Community/individual orientation rather than self interest
2. setting and maintaining standards of competence and integrity
3. Providers of expert knowledge to society

9

Out of pocket costs is...

the difference between the Medicare benefit and what your doctor charges you

10

Schedule fee is...

a fee for service set by the Australian Government

11

Recommended fee is...

suggest fees set by the AMA as a guide for doctors

12

Gap amount is...

the difference between the Medicare benefit and he schedule fee

13

The medicare levy is...

2% of taxable income

14

Bulk-billing is...

where a doctor accepts the Medicare Benefit as full payment

15

As a public patient in a public hospital, how much of the costs associated with your medical services and hospital accommodation is covered by the government?

100%

16

In order to increase the take up of private health insurance, people on higher incomes (without insurance) pay more for Medicare through their taxes. What is this initiative called?

The medicare levy surcharge

17

What is a Community Health Organisation?

- organisation working in any health related field
- range of funding sources
- from grassroots to large organisations
- not to be confused with "community health"

18

What are the roles of CHO in the health system?

-Service provision
- Support
-Advocacy
- Policy
-Education and Awareness
-Research
-Multiple roles

19

What are the 5 action areas of the Ottawa Charter?

- Re orientate health services
- Build healthy public policy
- Develop personal skills
- Strengthen community action
- Create supportive enviornments

20

Interprofessional teamwork in health care is becoming increasingly important mainly because of...

Workforce shortage and maldistribution

21

Delegation is...

asking another health professional to provide care on your behalf while you retain over all responsibility for the patient's care

22

Handover is...

The process of transferring all responsibility to another health care professional

23

What is non-verbal communication?

Bodily actions and vocal qualities, physical space and appearance

24

What is the odds ratio?

odds that a case was exposed / odds that a control was exposed

25

What is absolute risk?

is the percentage of actually developing a disease over a period of time

26

What is relative risk and how is it calculated?

is the ratio of influence

incidence of disease in those exposed / incidence of disease in those not exposed

or a/a(a+b)
c/(c+d)

27

What is prevalence and how is it calculated?

looks at the number of existing cases

total number of case/ total population

28

what is incidence and how is it calculated?

looks at the number of new cases

number of new cases/ number of people at risk