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Flashcards in Electoral Systems Deck (6)
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1

Explain and analyse an argument against the use of the first past the post electoral system. (1)

Give an example.

It tends to lead to disproportional outcome. This means that a party that wins the popular vote may still loose the election.
This is significant as a party in charge may have very little legitimacy to make and change policy.
Example=In 2015 UKIP won 12.6% of the vote, but this only translated to one seat. On the other hand the SNP only won 4.2 but got 56 seats.

2

Explain and analyse an argument against the use of the first past the post electoral system. (2)

Give an example.

The party does not have to win a majority to win the election just beat other parties.
This is significant as it is further evidence that parliament may not represent the people and the country as a whole.
Example= In 2005 labour only won 35% of the vote meaning 65% of the electorate did not support them.

3

Explain and analyse an argument against the use of the first past the post electoral system. (3)

Give an example.

FPTP makes votes unequal in value. One MP represents a constituency but they vary in size.
This is significant as some people have greater influence over the legislative process then others making it an unfair democracy.
Example= The Constituency of Na H-Eileanan an Iar
Only has a population of 20,000 meaning their votes are more important the say West Ham that has a population of 90,000

4

Explain and analyse advantages of the first past the post system of electing representatives (1).

Give an Example.

The out come creates a strong stable government due to the winner bonus resulting in a large number of seats over the opposition.
This means that a single party can exercise significant control over the legislation and makes the occurrence of minority and coalition government rare.
Example= since World War Two there has be only 4 minority governments and one coalition.

5

Explain and analyse advantages of the first past the post system of electing representatives (2).

Give an Example.

The FPTP provides a clear link between the elected representative and the people the represent.
This mean a member of the public can influence the legislative process and change politics

6

Explain and analyse advantages of the first past the post system of electing representatives (3).

Give an Example.

FPTP keeps our extremist parties as they need concentrated support to win seats
This is significant as it keeps politics in the middle ground were it is most accessible.
Example=UKIP in 2015 won 12.6% of the vote but this only resulted in one seat.