Flashcards in Electricity - Paper 1 Deck (38)
Draw the circuit symbol for a lamp
an X in a circle
Draw the circuit symbol for a diode
An arrow head in a circle
Draw the circuit symbol for a resistor
A rectangular box
Draw the circuit symbol for a variable resistor
A rectangular box with a diagonal arrow
Draw the circuit symbol for an LED
Same as a diode with 2 arrows points away
Draw the circuit symbol for a fuse
A rectangular box with a horizontal one running through it
Draw the circuit symbol for a voltmeter
V in a circle
Draw the circuit symbol for an ammeter
A in a circle
Draw the circuit symbol for a thermistor
a rectangular box with a diagonal line through it
Draw the circuit symbol for an LDR
A rectangular box in a circular with 2 arrows pointing towards it
Flow of charge (electrons) measured in amps (A)
State the equation that links charge, current and time.
Charge = Current x time
Q = It
What are the units of charge
What is the relationship between current and resistance?
As resistance increases, current decreases and vice versa
State the equation that links potential difference, current and resistance
Potential difference = Current x resistance
V = IR
State the units of potential difference
State the units of resistance
State the relationship between the length of wire and its resistance.
As the length of the wire increases the resistance increases. they are directly proportional
As more resistors are added in series what happens to the total resistance.
Total resistance increases (Rt = R1 + R2 + .....)
State ohms law
Current is directly proportional to potential difference constant temperature. this means resistance remains constant.
Sketch the I/V graph for a resistor
A straight line through the origin (current and potential difference are directly proportional - an ohmic conductor)
Sketch the I/V graph for a bulb
It starts off as a straight line through the origin but the the current levels offs so the graph curves. Non ohmic conductor
How does the resistance of a lamp change as it heats up?
As temperature increases resistance increase. Atoms/ions have more energy so vibrate more taking up more space making it harder for electrons to travel down the wire.
Sketch the I/V graph for a diode
Current can only flow in one directions. So zero current in the negative direction but in the positive direction current increases slightly after the origin. Non ohmic conductor
State the relationship between temperature and resistance for a thermistor
As temperature increases resistance decreases.
State some uses of thermistors
In thermostats to turn circuits on/off if they get too hot to cold e.g. in an iron, hair straighteners etc
State the relationship between temperature and light intensity for a LDR
As light increases increases, resistance decreases
State some uses of LDRs
In circuits to switch lights on when it gets dark
state the rules for current, potential difference and resistance in a series circuit
Current - same flowing through each component
Potential difference - the p.d. of the power supply is shared between the other components
Resistance - the total resistance increases as more components are added. the total resistance is the sum of all the individual components resistance