Flashcards in Domestic electricity - Paper 1 Deck (27)
State the typical voltage for mains electricity?
State the frequency of mains electricity
Alternating current, the electrons vibrate backwards and forwards. Mains electricity use a.c.
Direct current. Electrons only flow in one direction. This is what we get from batteries
State the names and colours of the 3 wires found inside a cable.
Live wire - Brown
Neutral wire - Blue
Earth wire - Green and yellow stripes
Which wire can be missing from some appliances? Why?
Earth wire, if the appliance is plastic and you cannot get an electric shock from it.
State the role of the live wire
To carry the alternating potential difference from the supply to the component. the potential difference between the live and the earth is 230 V
State the role of the neutral wire
The neutral wire complete the circuit from the component back to the supply. The neutral wire is at or close to 0V
State the role of the Earth wire.
It is a safety wire to stop an appliance becoming live. the earth wire is at 0V as it only carries a current if there is a fault.
State the relationship between power, potential difference and current.
Power = potential difference x current
P = VI
State the units of power
State the units of potential difference
State the units of current
State the relationship between power, resistance and current.
Power = (Current)squared x resistance
State the units for resistance
When using an electrical device what factors affect how much electrical energy it uses?
1. Time it is used for
2. The power of the appliance
State the equation between energy transferred, power and time
Energy transferred (J) = Power (W) x time (s)
State the equation between energy transferred, charge and potential difference
Energy transferred (J) = Charge (C) x potential difference (V)
E = QV
State the parts that make up the national grid
Cables, pylons, step up transformers, step down transformers
What does a step up transformer do? Why?
Increases the potential difference, which decreases the current. this reduced the amount of energy lost os heat so makes them more efficient.
What does a step down transformer do? Why?
Decreases the potential difference which increases the current. this makes them safer to use
What is the casing of a plug made from? Why?
Plastic , it is a good insulator and strong
What are electrical wires made from? Why?
Copper, ductile and a good conductor
What are the pins in a plug made from? Why?
Brass, its a good conductor but also strong
Where is the fuse in a plug?
Between the live pin and the live wire
What is the role of the fuse?
If current gets too high the fuse melts and breaks the circuit, cutting off the live wire