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Flashcards in electrolyte relationships Deck (26)
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1

na combines with what 2 things to regulate acid base status

cl and bicarb

2

where do the sodium and k ions move when the na/k pump is being moved

na ions diffuse inward and k ions diffuse outward

3

what is the na/k pump made of

mg, p, and enzyme

4

what electrolyte affects acid base status in relationship to hydrogen

k

5

what is excreted and retained when aldosterone is released

na is reabsorbed and k is excreted

6

in acidosis what electrolytes move in and out of cell in reference to potassium

k moves into elf and h moves into cells

7

in alkalosis where does k go

into cell to maintain balance

8

what is caused when there is a mg depletion in relation to k

hypokalemia

9

what makes production of pth possible

mg

10

how is mg directly related to ca

influences ca levels directly through production of pth

11

what can hypomagnesemia affect ca

causes a decrease in ca reabsorption bc of lack of pth

12

what can low serum albumin and hyperphospatemia cause

hypocalcemia

13

changes in which electrolyte affect the release of pth

ca not p

14

when ca is low kidneys retain ca and excrete what

k

15

what can hypophosphatemia cause

hypercalcemia

16

serum ph is inversely related to ______ ca

ionized ca

17

if serum ph is acidotic then what is ca

hypercalcemia

18

what moves p and glucose into cell

insulin

19

what acid base status causes p to move into cells

alkalosis

20

if the patient has hyperparathyroidism what is there level of p

hypophosphatemia

21

what is seen with hypophosphatemia in regards to mg and ca

decreased mg and increased ca

22

what electrolyte moves in and out of cell with na and k

cl

23

a change in na or cl causes what kind of change in eachtoher

similar change

24

what do cl and na do together

helps maintain serum osmolality and h2o balance

25

hyperparathyroidism, hypernatremia, and hyperaldosteronism can cause what with cl

hyperchloremia

26

cl is reabsorbed and excreted in direct opposition to what

bicarb