Fluid Replacement Therapy/Diuretics Flashcards Preview

Fluids and Electrolytes > Fluid Replacement Therapy/Diuretics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fluid Replacement Therapy/Diuretics Deck (29)
Loading flashcards...
1

what are colloid types

plasma, serum protein, and albumin

2

when are colloids given

in an acute situation when patients have protein deficit

3

when are crystalloids given

hydration and replacement therapy

4

where do hypotonic crystalloids pull fluid

move from bloodstream into cells

5

where do hypertonic crystalloids pull fluid

move from ICF into bloodstream

6

where do colloids pull fluid

into bloodstream

7

what are colloids 3 uses

restores serum protein levels, restores albumin levels, expands intravascular volume

8

what do diuretics promote

na/h2o secretion via kidney

9

what are the classes of diuretics

thiazides, loop, potassium-sparing agents, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, osmotics

10

what do thiazides spare when diuresing

calcium

11

what diuretic causes direct vasodilation

thiazides

12

thiazides are less potent than what diuretic

loop diuretic

13

common indication for thiazide

ascites

14

side effects of thiazide

hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypercalcemia, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia

15

what is the mechanism of action for loop diuretics

inhibits reabsorption of sodium on ascending loop of henle

16

what electrolytes do loop diuretics excrete

na, cl, h, ca, mg, hco3, p

17

what patient population most likely receives loop diuretics

respiratory patient population

18

loop diuretic side effects

hypotension, hypochloremic alkalosis, hypokalemia, hypoglyceia

19

what does potassium sparing work on in the kidney

the tubule

20

what electrolytes do potassium sparing diuretics interfere with

na and cl reabsorption

21

what do carbonic anhydrase inhibitors prevent

prevents water and co2 from turning into carbonic acid

22

bc carbonic anhydrase prevents carbonic acid from being produced what does that cause

it causes urine ph to increase and blood ph to decrease; and it causes na to be diuresed

23

what do carbonic anhydrase ultimately excrete

na, k, hco3 and water

24

what is carbonic anhydrase used for

treating glaucoma - not a primary diuretic

25

what is an example of carbonic anhydrase

diamox

26

diamox causes metabolic ____

acidosis so you give it for metabolic alkalosis

27

lasix causes metabolic ____

alkalosis so you give it for metabolic acidosis

28

what do osmotics do

slows water, na, and cl absorption so increases excretion

29

an example of osmotics are

glucose, mannitol, urea