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contris - Clinical Lab Procedures > electrolytes > Flashcards

Flashcards in electrolytes Deck (26):
1

these help determine proper fluid therapy

electrolyte tests

2

this helps with carbohydrate metabolism and energy storage

inorganic phosphorus

3

EDTA binds with this

calcium

4

this activates enzyme systems

magnesium

5

these (2) play major roles in water distribution and maintenance of osmotic pressure (i.e. cells)

sodium and chloride

6

this must be a serum test

calcium

7

blood cells = (organic or inorganic?)
- which electrolyte does this deal with?

organic
- inorganic phosphorus

8

this helps with neuromuscular excitability and tone

calcium

9

this helps with urine pH regulation

sodium

10

this helps with muscular function, respiration, and cardiac function

potassium

11

this is related to sodium bicarbonate

chloride

12

this is important to ACH - electrical impulse transfer from synapse to synapse (neuromuscular function)

magnesium (which activates enzyme systems)

13

decreased what can cause muscle tetany?

calcium

14

plasma/serum = (organic or inorganic?)

inorganic

15

this is a buffer system - it aids in CO2 transport and pH balance

bicarbonate

16

acidosis results from (hypo/hyper)kalemia

acidosis = hypERkalemia - too much K makes acidic

17

the kidney regulates these levels by excreting the excess

bicarbonate

18

this can be due to increased acids from diabetic acidosis or waste products OR loss of bicarbonate (resulting from renal disease)

acidosis

19

calcium levels are related to what levels?

phosphorus

20

increased calcium = (inc/dec) phosphorus

decreased phosphorus

21

as hydrogen ions increase, pH (inc/dec)

pH decreased - more H = more acidic

22

alkalosis results from (hypo/hyper)kalemia

hypOkalemia

23

this is increased with cellular necrosis

potassium - cells release theirs and it accumulates

24

and IMBALANCE of calcium and ____ can cause muscle tetany

magnesium

25

this can be caused by excess fluid loss (vomiting/diarrhea)

hypokalemia/alkalosis

26

these 2 animals are the only ones to show clinical signs of muscle tetany resulting from calcium and magnesium imbalance

cows and sheep