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A Level History > Elizabeth and Religion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Elizabeth and Religion Deck (12)
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1
Q

Who was Pius V?

A

The Pope who issued a papal bull which declared Elizabeth I a heretic and released her subjects from their loyal duty to her (excommunication)

2
Q

Who was William of Orange?

A

A Protestant who was the leader of Dutch Revolt against Spanish rule; his assassination by Catholics led to fears of Catholic plots in England to kill Elizabeth

3
Q

When was the Act of Supremacy passed and what did it state?

A

1558, stated that it would removed the Pope as Head of the Church and declared Elizabeth as Supreme Governor of the Church

4
Q

When was the Act of Uniformity passed and what did it state?

A

1559, set out what form the English Church would take, including the re-establishment of the Book of Common Prayer, with a few modifications

5
Q

When was the vestments controversy?

A

1566

6
Q

What is the divine right of kings?

A

The belief that monarchs have been chosen by God and therefore it is sacrilege for the people to turn against their monarch and kill them

7
Q

What was the York Conference?

A

A meeting in York, following Mary Stuart’s arrival in England, to decide if Mary should stand trial for killing her husband, Lord Darnley

8
Q

What does excommunication do?

A

When the Pope declares a person is no longer a member of the Catholic Church; this removed the obligation on any Catholic to obey Elizabeth

9
Q

What were the casket letters?

A

Radical Puritans that believed Elizabeth’s Church could not be reformed and so wanted to set up a completely independent church

10
Q

What was the St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre?

A

In Paris, French Catholics killed French Protestants (Huguenots); marked a new stage in the French Wars of Religion; following the Ridolfi Plot, this increased fears of a Catholic attack on Protestants in England

11
Q

Who were the Presbyterians?

A

They wanted to replace the system of government in the English Church which focused on bishops

12
Q

Who were the recusants?

A

Those who refused to attend the new Church; they had to pay a fine of one shilling a week which was not much for a rich person