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Russia Revolution > EMANCIPATION > Flashcards

Flashcards in EMANCIPATION Deck (10):
1

Hierarchy in Tsarist Russia

Ruling Class -0.5%
The Church
Govt. and Upper Class - 12%
Commercial + Professional Middle Class - 1.5%
The Police - 1 policeman to every 3850 peasants
Industrial Working Class - 4%
Peasants - 80%

68.8million not actually 'Russian'

2

When was the Crimean War?

1853-1856

"I hand over to you my command, unfortunately not in as good order as I would have wished" - Nicholas I, March 1855

3

The Emancipation Edict

1861

"Serfdom could not continue forever and...it would therefore be better if the transformation took place from above rather than below" - Alexander II, Jan 1861

4

Terms of Emancipation

-23 million serfs given 'freedom'
-Nobles kept+compensated for land given to serfs
-1864 - ZEMSTVA set up with local powers
- Peasants had to pay all feudal dues to former lord
-VOLOST COURTS under nobility supervision
- REDEMPTION PAYMENTS - 49 years at 6%

5

Military Reforms

1874-75

-Conscription compulsory from age 21 - service length reduced
-Punishments less severe
Military colleges + improved weaponry

6

Local Government Reforms

1864-70

-Zemstva - chosen through electoral college that was nobility dominated
1870 - Dumas set up

7

Judiciary Reforms

1864

Equality before the law
Cases heard before judges and jury

8

Education Reforms

1863-64

Alexander Golovnin - Minister for Education(1862-67)
-Schooling transferred from Orthodox Church to the zemstvo
-'Modern Schools'
1870 - women could attend for non-vocational education

9

Censorship reforms

1858-70

10

When was Alexander II Assassinated?

March 1881