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Flashcards in STALIN: THE ECONOMY Deck (12):
1

15th Party Congress

THE GREAT TURN
Enabled move to central planning govt. responsible for economic coordination
"Command Economy"

2

1ST FIVE YEAR PLAN

1928-1932

AIMS:
- Increase production by 300%
-Develop heavy industry
-Boost electricity production by 600%

MAGNITOGORSK

3

Successes and Failures of the 1st plan

SUCCESSES:
-electricity output doubled
- coal + iron output doubled
- steel production increased by 1/3
FAILURES:
-Targets for chemical industry not met
-Smaller industries lost out
- Consumer goods neglected

4

2ND FIVE YEAR PLAN

1933-1937

AIMS:
-Continue development of heavy industry
- New emphasis on light industries
-Development of communications

5

'Three Good Years'

1934-36

1935 - Moscow Canal
1936 - Rearmament increased from 4% to 17% by 1937
1937 - Volga Canal
- Electricity and chemical industries grew rapidly
- Steel output and coal output increased

6

Failures of the 2nd plan

-Oil production failed to meet its targets
-Continuation of QUANTITY OVER QUALITY

7

3RD FIVE YEAR PLAN

1938-42

-Development on heavy industry
-Rapid rearmament
-Complete transition to communism

8

Failures of 3rd Plan

- Concentration of resources to heavy industry affected other industries
-FUEL CRISIS
-Purges and harsh 1938 winter = shortage of good managers etc.
- Plan ended early by 1941 Operation Barbarossa

9

15th Party Congress

DEC 1927

"Collectivisation Congress"

1928 - 'Ural-Siberian method' involved forcible seizures of grain

10

COLLECTIVISATION STAGE 1

DEC 1929 - 'Liquidisation of kulaks as a class'
- Red Army + Cheka used to identify, execute or deport kulaks = 15% of households destroyed
JAN 1930 - 25% of grain-farming areas to be collectivised
KOLKHOZES- State-owned land, fulfilling quotas
By March - 58% peasant households collectivised

11

COLLECTIVISATION STAGE 2

1930-41

-2,500 MTS for the Kolkhozes
-Dekulakisation removed c.10 million of the most successful farmers
-Unrealistic quotas
-Collectives poorly organised
1932-33 - FAMINE
"Second serfdom" - internal passports

12

CHEKA

-Controlled units of Red Guard + military
1922 - Renamed the GPU
1923 - Renamed the OGPU
1934-43 - Under control of NKVD