Embryology Review Flashcards Preview

Block 2 Gross > Embryology Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Embryology Review Deck (125):
1

Sympathetic nerves

neural crest (ectoderm)

2

Parasympathetic nerves

neural crest (ectoderm)

3

Paritoneal cavity

intraembryonic coelomic cavity

4

Pericardial cavial

intraembryonic coelomic cavity

5

Pleural cavity

intraembryonic coelomic cavity

6

Dorsal mesentery

Splanchnic mesoderm

7

Smooth muscle of GI tract

Splanchnic mesoderm

8

Parietal paritoneum

Somatic mesoderm

9

Visceral paritoneum

Splanchnic mesoderm

10

Central tendon of diaphragm

Septum transversum (lateral plate mesoderm)

11

Posteriorlateral portion of diaphragm

PLeuroparitoneal folds (lateral plate mesoderm)

12

Crura of the diaphragm

mesoesophagus (dorsal mesentery)

13

Peripheral skeletal muscles of diaphragm

mesenchymal cells

14

esophagus

forgut

15

stomach

forgut

16

Greater omentum

dorsal mesentery

17

gastrocolic ligament

dorsal mesentery

18

gastrosplenic ligament

dorsal mesentery

19

gastrophrenic ligament

dorsal mesentery

20

omental bursa (lesser sac)

intraembryonic coelomic cavity

21

Lesser omentum

ventral mesentery

22

Hepatoduodenal ligament

ventral mesentery

23

Hepatogastric ligament

ventral mesentery

24

Falciform ligament

ventral mesentery

25

Duodenum

superior and descending= forgut horizontal and ascending=midgut

26

liver

Hepatic divriticulum (forgut)

27

gallbladder

Hepatic divriticulum (forgut)

28

pancreas

dorsal (body and tail) and ventral pancreatic bud (head and uncinate process)

29

jejunum

midgut

30

cecum

midgut

31

ileum

midgut

32

appendix

midgut

33

ascending colon

midgut

34

transverse colon

proximal 2/3= midgut distal 1/3= hindgut

35

descending colon

hindgut

36

sigmoid colon

hindgut

37

rectum

hindgut

38

internal lining of the bladder

hindgut

39

internal lining of the urethra

hindgut

40

spleen

dorsal mesentery

41

splenorenal ligament

dorsal mesentery

42

mesentery proper

dorsal mesentery

43

transverse mesocolon

dorsal mesentery

44

sigmoid mesocolon

dorsal mesentery

45

pronephros

intermediate plate mesoderm

46

mesonephros

intermediate plate mesoderm

47

metanephros

intermediate plate mesoderm

48

minor calyces

mesonephric duct (ureteric bud)

49

major calyces

mesonephric duct (ureteric bud)

50

renal pelvis

mesonephric duct (ureteric bud)

51

ureter

mesonephric duct (ureteric bud)

52

nephrons

metanephros

53

adrenal cortex

mesoderm

54

adrenal medulla

ectoderm

55

anal canal

hindgut (to pectinate line) then ectoderm

56

external oblique m

mesoderm

57

internal oblique m

mesoderm

58

transversus abdominus m

mesoderm

59

rectus abdominus mm.

mesoderm

60

trachea

respirtory divriticulum (forgut endoderm)

61

tracheal cartilage

splanchnic mesoderm

62

bronchi

respirtory divriticulum (forgut endoderm)

63

bronchial cartilage

splanchnic mesoderm

64

alveoli

respirtory divriticulum (forgut endoderm)

65

alveolar ducts

respirtory divriticulum (forgut endoderm)

66

heart tube

lateral plate mesoderm

67

foramen ovale

terminated growth of septum secundum

68

medial wall of left atrium

septum primum

69

medial wall of right atrium

septum secundum

70

Anterioventricular (AV) valves (Tricuspid and bicuspid)

endocardial cushions

71

membranous part of inter ventricular septum

endocardial cushions

72

aortic valve

endocardial cushions

73

pulmonic valve

endocardial cushions

74

Ligamentum teres hepatis

umbilical vein

75

ligamentum venosum

ductus venosum

76

ligamentum arteriosum

dustus arteriosus

77

fossa ovalis

foramen ovale- visible membrane is from septum primum

78

boundary of fossa ovalis

septum secundum

79

aortic arch

Left aortic arch IV

80

right subclavian a

right aortic arch IV

81

right pulmonary a

right aortic arch VI

82

left pulmonary a

left aortic arch VI

83

Ethmoid bone

chondrocranium

84

Lesser wing of sphenoid

chondrocranium

85

Petrosal (otic) part of temporal

chondrocranium

86

Supraoccipital, Exoccipitals, and basioccipitals of Occipital

chondrocranium

87

Olfactory

chondrocranium

88

Frontals

dermatocranium

89

Parietals

dermatocranium

90

Pterigoid process of sphenoid

dermatocranium

91

Squamous and zygomatic parts of temporal

dermatocranium

92

Postparietal/Interparietal portion of Occipital

dermatocranium

93

greater wing of sphenoid

splanchnocranium

94

styloid process of temportal

splanchnocranium

95

Malleus, incus, and stapes

splanchnocranium

96

hyoid

splanchnocranium

97

thyroid

splanchnocranium

98

Cricoid, and Asytenoid cartilages

splanchnocranium

99

Merckels cartilage

splanchnocranium

100

Nasals and superior, middle, and inferior chonchae

splanchnocranium

101

Maxilla

splanchnocranium

102

Mandible/dentaries

splanchnocranium

103

Lacrimals

splanchnocranium

104

zygomatic/jugals

splanchnocranium

105

vomer

splanchnocranium

106

palatines

splanchnocranium

107

external auditory meatus

splanchnocranium

108

pharynx

forgut

109

lungs

forgut

110

bronchi

forgut

111

trachea

forgut

112

What foldings create the gut in the embryo

lateral and cephalo-caudal folding

113

Derivatives of the intraembryonic coelomic cavity

pericardial cavity, pleural cavity, and peritoneal cavity

114

List all derivatives of the dorsal mesentary

gastrosplenic lig, gastrophrenic lig, splenorenal lig, gastrocolic lig, mesentery proper, transverse mesocolon, sigmoid mesocolon, mesoesophagus

115

Derivatives of splanchnic mesoderm

dorsal mesentery, ventral mesentery, visceral peritoneum, smooth muscle of GI tract

116

Derivatives of somatic mesoderm

parietal peritoneum, septum transversum, pleuroperitoneal folds

117

Derivative of myoblasts

skeletal muscle of diaphragm

118

What does the septum transversum form

central tendon

119

original location of the septum transversum

C3,4,5 (phrenic n.)

120

What does the mesoesophagus form?

crura of the diaphragm

121

What are the forgut derivatives in the thorax

pharynx (from pharyngeal pouches), esophagus, and lung buds (includes: layrnx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and terminal alveoli).

122

Which forgut derivatives in the thorax also have muscle, CT. or cartilage that derived from splanchnic mesoderm?

trachea, bronchi, and lungs (includes alveoli)

123

Thoracic structures only derived from splanchnic mesoderm

pulmonary vessels

124

Which forgut derivatives in the thorax also have epithelial linings that derived from forgut endoderm?

layrnx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and terminal alveoli

125

What are the forgut derivatives in the abdomen

esophagus, stomach, liver, biliary system, pancras, superior and descending duodenum