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Flashcards in Emergency Kit Deck (35):
1

What is epinephrine used for

  • respiratory distress
  • rapid relief of hypersensitivity reactions
  • anaphylaxis

2

What is a histamine blocker for

  • used for allergic reactions
  • angioedema
  • anaphylaxis

3

Give an example of endogenous catecholamine

epinephrine 1:1000

4

Give examples of histamine blocker

  • diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
  • chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton)

5

How do you use an EpiPen

pull of grey safety cap, swing in an arch and hold in place for 10 SECONDS, massage injection site for 10 seconds

6

Name all level 1 drugs

  • CAVO FAB
  • Endogenous Catecholamine=epinephrine
  • Anti-histamine=diphenhydramine (Benadryl), chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton)
  • Vasodilator= nitroglycerine
  • Oxygen
  • Fibrinolytic= chewable aspirin
  • Anti-hypoglycemic
  • Bronchodilator= albuterol

7

What drug do you use in respiratory distress

oxygen

8

What drug is a vasodilator

nitroglycerin

9

What drug is used for angina

nitro

10

albuterol is used for relief of____

bronchospasm in patients with COPD

11

Level 1 drugs are considered

basic critical drugs

12

What can be used as anti-hypoglycemic

  • orange juice
  • cake icing
  • regular soft drinks
  • glucose

13

When do you take chewable aspirin

pre-hospital admission drug for MI

14

Level 2 drugs

  • Analgesic=morphine sulfate
  • Glucocorticoid= hydrocortisone sodium succinate
  • Anticonvulsant= diazepam (Valium)
  • Vasoconstrictor= methoxamine (Vasoxyl)
  • Anti-hypertensive= esmolol, labetalol
  • Respiratory stimulant= aromatic ammonia, spirits of ammonia
  • Anti-hypoglycemic= glucagon HCL, 50% dextrose
  • Histamine blocker= diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
  • Anticholinergic=atropine

15

When do you NOT use repiratory stimulants

during respiratory depression caused by opioids

16

What are histamine blockers used for

  • mild allergic reactions
  • angioedema
  • uncomplicated skin reactions

17

What is morphine sulfate used for

pain/anxiety with MI

18

What anticonvulsant is used in Level 2

diazepam (Valium)

19

What is diazepam (Valium) used for

status epilepticus and severe recurrent convulsive seizures

20

What are beta blockers used for

tachycardia and hypertension (intraoperatively and postoperatively)

21

give two examples of anti- hypoglycemic drugs

  • glucagon HCL
  • 50% dextrose

22

What 3 things do you use glucocorticoids for

  • adrenal insufficiency
  • shock
  • control of severe or incapacitating allergic conditions that are intractable to conventional treatment of asthma and allergic reactions

23

what is methoxamine (Vasoxyl) indicated for

support or maintenance of blood pressure

24

Atropine reduces the production of ____

saliva (antisialagogue)

25

Atropine is used to

  • restore heart rate and arterial pressure when vagal stimulation causes sudden decrease in pulse rate and cardiac action
  • lessen degree of AV heart block
  • overcome severe bradycardia and syncope due to hyperactive carotid sinus reflex

26

When is sodium bicarbonate used

only after other interventions (defibrillation, CPR, lidocaine etc...) and in cases of pre-existing metabolic acidosis

27

What 4 anti-dysrhythmic drugs are used

  • lidocaine (Xylocaine)
  • bretylium tosylate (Bretylol)
  • procainamide (Pronestyl)
  • verapamil (Calan)

28

When is lidocaine (Xylocaine) used

first choice for suppression of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation

29

procainamide (Pronestyl) is used to

suppress premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) and recurrent ventricular tachycardia that cannot be controlled by lidocaine

30

What are calcium salts used for

  • acute hyperkalemia
  • hypocalcemia
  • calcium channel blocker toxicity

31

What type of epinephrine do you use for cardiac arrest

1:10,000 for IV or endotracheally

32

What are level 4 drugs

antidotes

33

What drug is used for benzodiazepine over dose

flumazenil (Romazicon)

34

What drug is used for opioid depression (respiratory distress)

naloxone (Narcan), naltrexone

35

Name the Level 3 drugs

  • ACE Triple A
  • Anti-cholinergic, anti-dysrhythmic= atropine
  • Calcium salt= calcium chloride
  • Endogenous catecholamine= epinephrine
  • Alkalinizing agent= sodium bicarbonate
  • Analgesic= morphine sulfate
  • Anti-dysrhythmic= lidocaine (Xylocaine), bretylium tosylate (Bretylol), procainamide (Pronestyl), verapamil (Calan)