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Flashcards in Herbs Fun Facts Deck (18):
1

In the 2007 national survey ______% of Americans used "natural products"

17.7

2

In the 2007 national survey, the most popular "natural products" were (5 things)

1. fish oil/omega3/DHA (37%)
2. glucosamine (20%)
3. echinacea (20%)
4. flaxseed (16%)
5. ginseng (14%)

3

In the 2007 national survey, ____% of adults said they used some type of supplement.

52

4

In the 2007 national survey, the top 4 supplements use were

multivitamin/multimineral (35%)
vitamins E & C (12-13%)
calcium (10%)
B-complex vitamins (5%)

5

In 2009 study, 130 participants (mean age 71):
1. the prevalence of polypharmacy was ____%
2. the prevalence of major polypharmacy (5+ meds) was ____%
3. the prevalence of polyherbacy was ____%

1. 72.3
2. 38.5
3. 16.2

6

In the 2009 study, the percentage of participants at risk for having at least one drug/herbal-supplement interaction was ____%`

31.5

7

The 4 most common reasons old folks use herbal supplements are:

1. improve general wellness
2. manage arthritis
3. prevent or manage colds
4. improve memory

8

In 2012 study, the 5 herbal supplements with the greatest number of documented drug interactions were:

1. St. Johns wort (147)
2. Magnesium (102)
3. Calcium (75)
4. Iron (71)
5. Ginkgo (51)

9

The 2012 study identified ______ pairs of HDS-drug interactions. _____ were HDS. _____ were medications

1,491
213
509

10

In the 2012 study, of the 509 drugs, most were used for what 3 things?

CNS disorders (100)
cardiovascular system disorders (90)
systemics anti-infectives (75)

11

In the 2012 study, the greatest number of reported interactions with HDS were what 5 drugs?

warfarin (100+ interactions)
insulin
aspirin
digoxin
ticlopidine

12

HDS products containing _____ were more likely to have documented interactions and contraindications than ______, ______, and other types of dietary supplements

HERBS
vitamins
minerals

13

Wht is the relationship between therapeutic range and HDS-drug interactions

the narrower the window, the greater the risk for adverse HDS-drug interactions

14

It is estimated that greater than ___% of patients with chronic diseases or cancers use HDS.

50

15

Many herbs act as anti-_____ or anti-______medications. Effects may be additive when taking other medications.

anti-platelet or anti-coagulant

16

Patients are ______ (aware/unaware) of the anti-platelet/coagulant effects of herbs. Many herbal products contain multiple herbs: patients ______(may/may not) always know what is contained within their supplements

unaware
may not

17

How long prior to surgery should herbal medicines be discontinued?

14 days

18

What are the a FEW G's herbs? They antagonize what?

feverfew, ginkgo biloba, ginger, garlic, ginseng (G's that are followed by a vowel)

Antagonize platelet activating factor