Flashcards in Emotivism Deck (16)
The view that any moral claim is essentially an emotional plea.
It is to show a level of emotional approval or disapproval.
E.g. Abortion is murder - I think disapprove of the act of abortion.
The belief that Moral truths are subjective, and are matters of personal choice, not existing independently of the human experience.
Good, bad, right and wrong dont exist.
E.g. Emotivism - Prescriptivism
A non-cognitivist cannot say...
Whether a moral statement is true of false.
“Ethics is a Cacophony...
Of noise”- A.J.Ayer
Emotivism issues: Unity
With Emotivism, there is no unity in morals, due to being so subjective.
Everyone has different opinions.
Emotivism issues: The only standard...
Is our opinions.
Leaving lots of uncertainties.
Emotivism Strength: No disagreement
As there are no outright morals, there be no moral disagreements.
Just emotional reactions to situations.
This is the claim that morals are definable facts.
Emotivism Strengths: Avoids...
The Naturalistic Fallacy.
It is essentially the opposite to definable and factual morals.
Emotivism Strengths: Reconcives our understanding of ethics...
Not reasons that move us to act.
Free from non-natural made up morals that “exist but arnt sense-able”
Emotivism Strength: Accounts of the indeterminable...
Why is it that so many moral disputes never end? - Emotivism!
I.e. How can one reason that abortion is so wrong and the other that it is so good? - Emotions.
Emotivism Weakness: Reason may be the slave of passions
Yet, Emotivism is too quick to give up on moral reasoning.
Reason may be a slave to our desires but it still provides all our logic.
Emotivism Weakness: If right and wrong are just human emotion...
In our absence, nothing is right or wrong.
I.e. If i trap a rabbit, and its dying painfully but I’m not there to see it, nothings wrong.
And if i watch it die, the wrongness only lasts for as long as my feelings do.
Blandshard- There is a level of absurdity in grounding right and wrong in our feelings.
Emotivism Weakness: If good is emotionally derived, its therefore not universal, leading too...
E.g. I’m happier w/ personal profit than alleviating global poverty.
Morality as a matter of taste, is open to persuasion and propaganda with no reason involved.