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Clinical Disciplines II- Exam 1 (Melicia) > End of Life Care > Flashcards

Flashcards in End of Life Care Deck (16)
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What is advance care planning?

A process for identifying and communicating an individual’s values and preferences regarding future health care


Why is ACP important?

It builds trust

Reduces uncertainty

Helps to avoid confusion and conflict

Permits peace of mind


What are some components of advance care planning?

Advance Directives:
-Living will
-Medical or Health care power of attorney (POA)
-Do not resuscitate (DNR)


What is a living will?

A written statement that expresses your wishes about medical treatment that would delay death from a terminal condition


When do living wills apply?

to situations of persistent vegetative state or irreversible coma


What is the Medical Power of attorney (MPOA)

A document lets you choose another person, called an "agent," to make health care decisions if you can no longer make those decisions for yourself


Which component of ACP may not be available in all states?

POLST (Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment)


Who makes decisions about ACP?

the pt, if they have the capacity to do so

if not, check pts chart or file for an advance directive


Do all durable power of attorney documents cover health care decisions?



What do you do if a pt is not capable of making health care decisions and does NOT have a advance directive?

clinicians will need to identify and select a surrogate medical decision-maker
-adult child of pt
-domestic partner
-close friend
-pts physician (need to consult ethics committee)


Who can't/should be a surrogate decision maker?

the treating health care provider

employee of the treating health care provider (unless related

owner/admin/employee of pts health care facility

Always check your facility's policy!


What resources are available to help pts with end of life planning?

the conversation project --> helps pts talk about end of life wishes


When should you review ACP documents with your pt?

upon a change in condition (and periodically) to ensure they continue to reflect the patient’s preferences


What is the clinician's goal in in end of life care?

to elicit the patient’s goals and recommend treatments and discuss options consistent with those goals


What are the primary goals of end of life care?

Curative- tx underlying condition

Palliative-promote comfort by relieving pain and suffering



What is important when talking to pts about end of life care?

assess pts readiness to have the discussion

create the right setting

have pt talk about their concerns