Endocrine Physiology Flashcards Preview

GFG Physiology > Endocrine Physiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocrine Physiology Deck (9)
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1

Which of the following is true regarding thyroid hormones?
a. acts on nuclear receptors
b. utilizes G proteins as 2nd messengers
c. activates preformed enzymes
d. A and B
e. A and C

A. acts on nuclear receptors

Thyroid hormones are protein hormones which act like lipid hormones in terms of binding, mechanism of action, and effect on enzyme activation / synthesis.

They traverse the membrane to act on nuclear receptors and promote synthesize of new hormones.

Handout page 94

2

Enumerate 3 examples of positive feedback in endocrine organs.

oxytocin surge during delivery
oxytocin surge during lactation
LH and FSH surge during ovulation

3

True or False

Binding of GDP to the alpha subunit of the G protein complex inactivates the protein.

True.

Binding to GTP activates the protein.

4

Recite the cascade of events in the cyclic AMP messenger system.

GTP binds to alpha subunit of G protein
G protein activates adenylate cyclase
AC converts ATP to cyclic AMP
cAMP activates protein kinase A
PKA activates target enzymes

Alpha > AC > ATP > cAMP > PKA

5

The IP3/DAG messenger system is used by all hypothalamic hormones EXCEPT:

a. GHRH
b. CRH
c. GnRH
d. TRH
e. NOTA

B. CRH

6

The neurohypophysis produces which hormone/s?
a. TSH
b. ACTH
c. ADH
d. oxytocin
e. A and B
f. C and D
g. NOTA

G. none

The neurohypophysis / posterior pituitary does not produce any hormone. It just stores and secretes ADH and OXYTOCIN produces in the HYPOTHALAMUS.

7

Which enzyme promotes cell growth and division on the target tissues or organ?

a. somatotropin
b. somatostatin
c. somatomedin
d. somatoflavin
e. NOTA

C. somatomedin

8

Enumerate at least 3 protein products derived from POMC.

MSH
ACTH
beta lipotropin
beta endorphin
met enkephalin

9

Which of the following is NOT an effect of growth hormone.

a. increase plasma glucose
b. increase protein synthesis
c. increase lipolysis
d. increase collagen synthesis
e. NOTA

E. none

All are actions of growth hormone. It has both ANABOLIC and CATABOLIC effects.

Handout page 96