Flashcards in Enemy Prisoners of War/Detainees Deck (30):
The term Enemy Prisoner of War (EPW) refers to
a detained person as defined in Articles 4 and 5 of the Geneva Convention. It is one who, while engaged in combat under orders of his or her government, is captured by the armed forces of the enemy
a prisoner of war may be, but is not limited to, any person belonging to one of the following categories who has fallen into the power of the enemy:
A member of the armed forces, organized militia or volunteer corps.
A person who accompanies the armed forces without actually being a member thereof.
A member of a merchant marine or civilian aircraft crew not qualifying for more favorable treatment.
Individuals who, on the approach of the enemy, spontaneously take up arms to resist invading forces
Other Detainee (OD) are what
individuals (frequently known simply as “detainees”) who are in the custody of the US Armed Forces but who have not been classified as an EPW. They shall be treated as EPWs until their legal status is ascertained by competent authority.
You are required to treat any prisoner in your custody in accordance with
the rules of the Geneva Convention
Initial Actions Upon Capture are
An EPW Search team consists of
a cover man and a search man
There are three types of searches
hasty, detailed, and strip search
When conducting a hasty search, the searcher quickly
pats down the EPW looking for any obvious weapons and/or documents and equipment.
Detailed Search is what
a more thorough search, made in a secure location or before transport of the EPW
A strip search is performed by
removing all clothing and objects from the EPW. It is an in-depth search that only qualified personnel (i.e., a Medical Officer or Human Intelligence [HUMINT)/Counterintelligence [CI] personnel) can perform.
Examples of items that an EPW may retain:
Items of identification such as military ID card, dog tags, or a letter of authorization, reflecting a civilian EPWs status as an individual permitted to accompany the armed forces in the field, should never be taken away from an EPW
Religious items and badges of rank and personal decorations may be retained by an EPW.
EPWs are also allowed to keep personal protective equipment, such as field protective mask, flak jacket, and helmet after they have been thoroughly searched
Example of items that EPWs may not retain:
Any item (e.g., a compass or map) which may facilitate escape.
EPWs should remain in possession of all articles of personal use such as
their clothing, food, and personal equipment.
Confiscating items with no military value can be characterized as
looting, which could be considered a violation of the Geneva Convention and the UCMJ.
All prisoners of war and retained persons will, at the time of capture, be
tagged using the appropriate forms
The capture tag must indicate the following information:
Name of the EPW.
Date of birth.
Date of capture.
Location of capture.
Special circumstances of capture.
Description of weapons/documents
A capture tag is perforated in three parts A, B, C for
Part A is attached to the detainee with wire, string, or other type of durable material. Part B is retained by the capturing unit and maintained in the unit’s records. Part C is attached to the property confiscated from the detainee
Other documents that may need to be filled out when dealing with EPWs:
Coalition Provisional Authority Forces Apprehension Forms (CPA form)
DA Form 2823, Sworn Statements
NAVMC 11130, Statement of Force
Do not let the EPWs talk to each other. This keeps them from
planning escapes, fabricating stories, threatening one another and cautioning each other on security. If necessary, use gags or seclude them.
EPW may be interrogated in the combat zone, however this is to be only conducted by
properly trained personnel, i.e., HUMINT/CI Marines.
Evacuate is required in
getting the EPWs humanely evacuated to a designated Collection Point.
During transport, instructions given to prisoners during evacuation from the combat zone will be, if possible, in
their own language and as brief as possible
Segregation of EPW’s and OD’s into these catagories
Male and Female.
Officer and Enlisted.
Military and Civilian.
Old and Young.
EPWs that are wounded are entitled to
medical assistance and will not be denied immediate first aid or medical care, as appropriate. However, priority for medical care will go to friendly casualties first.
EPWs will receive humane treatment without distinction founded on race, nationality, religious belief, political opinions or other similar criteria. The EPW may not be
murdered, mutilated, tortured, degraded or punished for alleged criminal acts without a previous judgment pronounced by a legally constituted court.
EPWs are safeguarded as they are moved and they must be
restrained but not abused
Prisoners will not be located next to obvious targets such as
ammunition sites, fuel facilities, or communications equipment.
Detention of EPW on board naval vessels will be
EPW may be temporarily held aboard naval vessels while being transported between