Energy Forms and Transformations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Energy Forms and Transformations Deck (17):
1

Energy

Energy is the strength and vitality required for sustained physical or mental activity.

2

Potential Energy

Potential Energy is the energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, and other factors.

3

Gravitational Potential Energy

Gravitational potential energy is energy an object possesses because of its position in a gravitational field.

4

Chemical Potential Energy

Chemical Potential Energy is a form of potential energy that can be absorbed or released during a chemical reaction or phase transition.

5

Elastic Potential Energy

Elastic Potential Energy is a form of potential energy stored as a result of deformation of an elastic object, such as the stretching of a spring.

6

Kinetic Energy

Kinetic Energy is energy that a body possesses by virtue of being in motion.

7

Mechanical Energy

Mechanical Energy is the energy associated with the motion and position of an object.

8

Sound Energy

Sound energy is a form of energy associated with the vibration of matter.

9

Radiant (Light) Energy

Radiant energy is energy that travels by waves or particles, particularly electromagnetic radiation such as heat or x-rays.

10

Nuclear Energy

Nuclear Energy is the energy released during nuclear fission or fusion, especially when used to generate electricity.

11

Nucleus

A nucleus is the central and most important part of an object, movement, or group, forming the basis for its activity and growth.

12

Atom

An atom is the basic unit of a chemical element.

13

Thermal (Heat) Energy

Thermal energy is the internal energy of an object due to the kinetic energy of its atoms and/or molecules.

14

Electricity (Electrical Energy)

Electrical energy is defined as an electric charge that lets work be accomplished.

15

Electron

An electron is a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electricity, found in all atoms and acting as the primary carrier of electricity in solids.

16

Transformation of Energy

An energy transformation is the change of energy from one form to another.

17

Law of Conservation of Energy

The Law of Conservation of Energy states that the energy stays constant in an isolated system.