English 10AA Mid-Term Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in English 10AA Mid-Term Deck (62):
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Claim

Thesis statement in an argument. The argument you are arguing for/against.

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Evidence

Proves the claim (specific facts, examples, statistics, case studies, etc.) -Cited

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Support

Gives reasons/examples. Often synonymous with evidence but less specific

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Counterclaim

The other side of the argument

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Audience

Who the argument is intended to persuade or convince

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Context

The situation in which something happens. The group of conditions that exist where and when something happens

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line of inquiry

Investigation, asking questions, gather/collect information. Eventually produces your claim

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Point of view (argumentation)

The position or perspective from which something is considered or evaluated

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Analyze

Break into parts and examine them

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Evaluate

Judge

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Synthesize

Bring together

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Infer

Educated guess based on the text

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Hook

A sentence that draws in the reader

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Clincher

End sentence that leaves the reader pondering

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Emotional appeal

Makes the audience feel either positive/negative emotions in order to persuade

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Logical appeal

The argument just makes sense; you'd be stupid not to see the logic

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Elaboration

Explains how the evidence supports the claim

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Fact

Cannot be disputed, powerful support/evidence

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Truth

An idea many people believe

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Warrant

A reason for thinking, deciding, or doing something

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Opinion

This is a CLAIM. THIS IS NOT EVIDENCE. It must be PROVED WITH evidence. Unsupported opinion WEAKENS your argument

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Quotes

From leading experts/authorities

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Statistics

Employ amounts and numbers, excellent support/evidence

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Authors claim

A sentence that persuades, argues, convinces, proves, or provocatively suggests something to a reader who may or may not initially agree with you

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Autobiography

A truthful biography written by the main character, or at least drafted with a collaborative writer

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Biography

A truthful account of another persons lifetime (the person is often famous).

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Memoir

A narrative of the writers interpretation of his/her experiences

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Point of View

The angle of vision from which a story is narrated.

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First person point of view

The narrator is a character or an observer

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Third Person omniscient

The narrator knows everything about the characters

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Third person limited

The narrator knows some things about the characters but not everything

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Stanza

A division or unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form-either with similar or identical patterns, or with variation from now stanza to another

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Theme

The idea of a literary work abstracted from its details of language, character, and actions, and cast in the form of a generalization

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Tone

The implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters of a work

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Free verse

A type of structure or form in poetry characterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in which elements as rhyme, line length, metrical pattern, and overall poetic structure

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Internal monologue

A speakers or writers "thought bubble"

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Enjambment

A phrase that carries over a line break without a major pause. In French, the word means "straddling" which we think is a perfect way to envision an enjambed line

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End-Stopped Lines

When a line of poetry ends with a period of definite punctuation mark, such as a colon. When lines are end-stopped, each line is its own phrase or unit of syntax.

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Diction

Word choice

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Simile

a simile compares 2 things using the words "as" and "like."

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Alliteration

It is a repetition of the first consonant sounds in several words.

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Mood

Emotion the writer expresses through his writing

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Personification

Gives human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, or ideas.

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Imagery

visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work.

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Speaker

The voice that tells the story

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Occasion

The time and place of the pice: the context that encouraged the writing to happen

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Audience

The group of readers to whom this piece is directed

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Purpose

The reason behind the text

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subject

the general topic, content, and ideas contained in the text

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Metaphor

A statement that does not make sense literally

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Syntax

the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language.

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genre

The type of literature/film

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sub-genre

genre within a genre

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detached autobiography narration

first person, reliable narrator that guides the reader. Often the character himself

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observer narration

first person, narrator is observer rather than the main participant

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subjective narration

first person, narrator seems unreliable, tries to get reader to share his/her or to assume values or views not normally presumed by the reader.

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preface

an introduction to a book, typically stating its subject, scope, or aims.

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forward

introduction not written by the author

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prologue

a separate introductory section of a literary or musical work.

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epilogue

a section or speech at the end of a book or play that serves as a comment on or a conclusion to what has happened.

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afterword

a concluding section in a book, typically by a person other than the author.

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Literary canon

group of literary works that are considered the most important of a particular time period or place.