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Flashcards in English Acc Deck (20):

It describes Scrooge's attitude towards christmas.Shows he is a protagonist

'Bah Humbug'


It gets the reader thinking who is the character as this is said in the first line in the play.

'MARLEY was dead'


A simile, that tells the reader that it is unwanted and unused.It gives an insight to what is thought of Scrooge.

'Dead as a doornail'


It is a literary reference to another novel written by William Shakespeare.

'Hamlet's father'


It is repeated in the opening stave of the novel as Scrooge is not caring what a couple of gentlemen have to say.It might be seen as sarcasm.

'Good afternoon'


Well, when you put it that way, even Scrooge himself has some supernatural qualities, no? Why is this description so overblown—why not describe Scrooge as a nasty old man, instead of the very personification of coldness?

'But he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge! a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner!'


They were a boy and girl.A stale and shrivelled hand, like that of age, had pinched, and twisted them, and pulled them into shreds.

'Forgive me if I am not justified in what I ask," said Scrooge, looking intently at the Spirit's robe, "but I see something strange, and not belonging to yourself, protruding from your skirts. Is it a foot or a claw?'


Dickens uses similes to emphasise and exaggerate.

'Hard and sharp as flint'


what you get when you don't specify the kind of emotion you want the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come to show you. Scrooge's death brings a feeling of relief to this family, because he won't come banging on their door, demanding they pay up on their old loans anymore.

it was a happier house for this man's death! The only emotion that the Ghost could show him, caused by the event, was one of pleasure. '


A chain isn't something that is imposed on bad people in the afterlife, but is instead created with "free will." In other words, be nice, dear Shoppers, or you'll wear chains forever.

"I wear the chain I forged in life," replied the Ghost. "I made it link by link, and yard by yard; I girded it on of my own free will, and of my own free will I wore it. Is its pattern strange to you?"


Scrooge begins to rethink his past choices, but hey, it's a start.

"What is the matter?" asked the Spirit.

"Nothing," said Scrooge. "Nothing. There was a boy singing a Christmas Carol at my door last night. I should like to have given him something: that's all."


The spirit uses words from Scrooge in the begging.

"Have they no refuge or resource?" cried Scrooge.

"Are there no prisons?" said the Spirit, turning on him for the last time with his own words. "Are there no workhouses?


Scrooge pays money to charity

"Lord bless me!" cried the gentleman, as if his breath were taken away. "My dear Mr. Scrooge, are you serious?"

"If you please," said Scrooge. "Not a farthing less. A great many back-payments are included in it, I assure you. Will you do me that favor


The cratchits family is introduced.
They are religious.

'Merry christmas to us all, my dear.God bless us!'


A semantic field
Second ghost,Ghost of Christmas present
Stave 3

'Heaped up on the floor, to form a kind of throne, were turkeys, geese, game, poultry, brawn, great joints of meat, sucking-pigs, long wreaths of sausages, mince-pies, plum-puddings, barrels of oysters, red-hot chestnuts, cherry-cheeked apples, juicy oranges, luscious pears, immense twelfth-cakes, and seething bowls of punch, that made the chamber dim with their delicious steam.'


What is said by the narrator about Scrooge which is unusual?

'But he answers top both names'


What does Scrooge ask about the spirit's life? and then what does the ghost respond with as his time closes to an end?The quote that considers Scrooges feeling.

"Are spirits' lives so short?""My life upon this globe is very brief," replied the Ghost. "It ends to-night […] at midnight. Hark! The time is drawing near."


He is brought back to a ball in his past time and he questions about the money and happiness someone is giving.

' The happiness he gives, is quite as great as if it cost a fortune.”


Repetition of 'good'
Scrooge is Tiny Tim 'Second Father'

'Scrooge was better than his word. He did it all, and infinitely more; and to Tiny Tim, who did not die, he was a second father. He became as good a friend, as good a master, and as good a man, as the good old city knew, or any other good old city, town, or borough, in the good old world.'


What do the three spirits do and why are they there?

Spirit 1 was the ghost of christmas past and he showed scrooge his past christmas'
Spirit 2 was the ghost of christmas present showing how other families choose to spend their christmas
Spirit 3 was the ghost of christmas yet to come and he showed Scrooge his grave and what people do once he died.

They are there to convince Scrooge to change his ways and enjoy christmas like other people.