English AP test Flashcards Preview

English > English AP test > Flashcards

Flashcards in English AP test Deck (56)
Loading flashcards...
1

Rhetoric

the art of analysing an artists choice of language, the use/intent of that choice, and how the author, audience, and environment inspire it

2

what does SOAPSTone stand for?

speaker, occasion, audience, purpose, subject, tone

3

the speaker:

the voice that is heard & relays the story. This should be determined by how the perception affects the narrative

4

the occasion:

time and set of the piece & the environment that inspired the writing

5

the audience:

the people who the message is intended for, marketed for, and likely going to end up with

6

the purpose:

what is the argument that the writing puts forward and whats the intended affect on the audience

7

the subject:

the easily statable thesis of the writing

8

the tone:

the meaning or intent expressed more through the style of language instead of what is literally said

9

what can convey tone

choice of words, sentence construction (syntax), & imagery

10

what are the 3 corners to Aristotle's triangle?

Ethos (narrator credibility), Pathos (emotions & empathy), Logos (logic & reason)

11

ethos

convincing the audience that the narrator of the argument is credible

12

pathos

appealing to a specific audiences emotions in order to persuade them of your argument

13

Logos

appealing logic to clearly guide other people to the narrator's conclusion

14

what is the Aristotelian triangle

a graphic representation of the three key rhetorical appeals to communicate your argument

15

Rhetorical situation

language (SOAPSTone) built around the context of who the speaker is, the audience is, and the situation the writing takes place in.

16

what are the (most common) Rhetorical Modes?

narrations, description, exposition, and argumentation

17

what is Rhetorical Mode?

the variety, conventions, and purposes of the type of speech used

18

narration-

an anecdote or story offered in support of a generalisation

19

description-

writing that depends on the sensory to define the person, place, condition, or object

20

Exposition-

writing intended to explain the context/topic/condition pertaining to the story

21

Argumentation-

writing that explores a problem by investigating it logically

22

High/Formal dictation

elevated, formal, & slang-free dictation

23

neutral dictation

using standard language that is not associated with low-forms of speech nor elaborate forms

24

informal dictation

everyday use language that associated itself with slang, idioms, jargon & contractions

25

slang

recently coined informal words that dont have much "staying-power"

26

colloquial

partial, nonstandard speech pertaining to regions

27

Jargon

words pertaining to a particular trade or profession

28

Dialect

nonstandard subgroup of language

29

denotation

the exact literal definition of a word independent of any emotional association

30

connotation

is the implied meaning of a word in regards to its emotional & social associations