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Flashcards in English Comprehensive test 1 Deck (32):
0

what is literature

spoken and written accounts

1

what is spoken accounts?

word of mouth/ verbally told stories

3

Literature can be...

- easy to understand (ex: children's books/ magazines)
- difficult to understand (bible)
- short/long
- can teach a lesson/ have a moral

4

5 genres of Literature

- Poetry (fiction)
- novel (fiction)
- play/drama (fiction)
- short story (fiction)
- essay (nonfiction) factual researched info

5

how many categories of literature?

2
(1) Fiction- not truth
(2) Nonfiction- truth; factual info.

6

Elements of Fiction (based on novel)

(1) Point of view
(2) Characterization
(3) Plot
(4) Setting
(5) Theme

7

POV

Person who tells story (narrator)
- can be actual character
- character is in a story but not always a character in the story

8

2 types of POV

1. 1st person narrator
2. 3rd person narrator

9

1st person narrator

- an actual character in story
- participates in story's action
- uses 1st person pronouns to tell story (example: I, me, my, us, our...)
- not always believable

*unreliable narrator
- biased
- not trustworthy
- not always believable (ex: child, psychopath, mentally ill patient, deranged spouse, salesman, lawyer, politician)

10

3rd person narrator

- Not an actual character in a story
- will not participate in story's action
- uses 3rd person pronouns (ex:them, themselves, he, she, or their)

11

omniscient narrator

- knows everything (thought, feeling, action of every character in story
- an "all knowing" narrator
-- enters all character's minds

12

selective/limited omniscient

- knows every thought, feeling, action of only one character
- can enter that one character's mind

13

objective narrator

- an unbiased narrator
- presents actions/events in the story as they happen
- readers are left to form their own opinions

14

Characterization

- the development of characters in a story
- *develops character

15

How does characterization develop a character?

1. Background info
2. Description
3. Actions
4. other characters
5. Dialogue (spoken conversation between characters)

16

4 types of characters

1. Round
2. Flat
3. dynamic
4. static

17

what is a foil?

opposite characters of each other

18

which characters are foiled from each other?

- Round vs Flat
- Dynamic vs static

19

round character

- several personality traits
- complex character
- fully developed

20

Flat character

- has one trait
- simple character
- underdeveloped

21

Dynamic character

- goes on journey (physical, emotional, spiritual, mental) and faces obstacles along the way
- is successful by the end of journey and will change for the better
- can become a round character

22

static character

- goes on a journey (physical, emotional, spiritual, mental)
- and faces obstacles along the way
- remains the same
- can be a flat character

23

Plot

A series of events/actions that happens in a story

24

how do those events/actions in a plot take place?

a storyline
- plot not always told in chronological order

26

2 Techniques of the plot (if not in order)

1. Flashback
2. Foreshadowing

27

Flashback

given a memory; readers are taken back to past events/actions that have already occurred.
or background information

28

Foreshadowing

Hints given throughout the story that prepares readers for ending

29

2 characters that move plot along are

1. Protagonist
2. Antagonist

30

Protagonist

- usually the "hero" in the story
- (main character) goes on a journey and faces obstacles/challenges along the way
- usually successful by end of journey
- can be dynamic or round
-usually main character

31

Antagonist

a "force" that attempts to prevent the protagonist from accomplishing his/her goal
- can be a person (another character)
- the protagonist him/herself
- an object
- an event
- sickness
- ghost
- nature or weather

32

***Setting***

When and where a story takes place
can be a
- physical location
- surroundings
- dream
- time/year/date
- time period
- era
- atmosphere ("air" the characters breathe
--the overall vibe/feel of the story
--engages readers

33

Theme

Overall message/moral of the story
- If there is not theme, there is no story
- similar to a thesis statement in an essay
- the lesson learned
- * theme not always obvious
- *Hints: Brings/ binds all elements together to create a story
1. title
2. author
3. characters
4. setting (when/where)
5. plot
6. narrator