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Flashcards in ENT Deck (40):
1

Diagnosis and treatment of BPPV

Hallpikes test and epley manouevre

2

Treatment for candida

Nystatin

3

White patches on red, raw mucous membranes in the throat

Candida

4

Cheesy discharge, hearing loss, headache, pain and vertigo

Cholesteatoma

5

Cholesteatoma treatment

ENT referral and surgical removal

6

What is a cholesteatoma

Keratinising squamous epithelium

7

Treatment of diptheria

Antitoxin, penicillin/erythromycin

8

Typer of toxin produced by diptheria

Exotoxin which is cardiotoxic and neurotoxic

9

Tests for glandular fever

Atypical lymphocytes in peripheral blood, positive monospot, low CRP and IgM

10

Something sticking in throat without dysphagia

Globus pharyngeus

11

Erosion of the mucous membrane over the arytenoid. Voice abuse and hoarseness

Laryngeal contact ulcer

12

Tx of laryngeal contact ulcer

6 weeks of voice rest and antibiotics

13

Laryngeal papillomatosis HPV

6 and 11

14

What is koilocytosis

Squamous cells undergo change

15

Tx of laryngeal papillomatosis

Repeated debulking of growths

16

Most common cause of congenital stridor

Laryngomalacia

17

What is laryngomalacia

Collapse of supraglottic structures during inspiration

18

Samsters triad

Asthma, nasal polyps and aspirin allergy

19

Common in post-nasal drip

Nasal polyps

20

Tx for nasal polyps

Dexamethsone spray

21

Red, itchy painful, swollen ear canal. Discharge too. Swimmer with dermatitis

Otitis externa

22

Organism of otitis externa

Staph aureus

23

Tx of otitis externa

Topical aural toilet and treat for sensitivity

24

What is malignant otitis

Otitis externa spread to bone. Head symptoms

25

URTI up eustachian tube.

Otitis media

26

Smelly and potentially chronic otitis media

Pseudomonas

27

Tx of otitis media

Usually self limiting but Amox or erythromycin

28

Deaf, speech, timpanic membrane retraction, reduced tm mobility and altered tm colour

Glue ear

29

Tx of glue ear

Usually self-limiting. Over 3 months:
<3 years=Grommets
>3 years first intervention= Grommets
>3 years second intervention=Grommets and adenoidectomy

30

Pink tinge on ear drum

Otosclerosis

31

Deafness in otosclerosis

Progressively worse but not complete

32

Tx of peritonsillar abscess

Drain and penicillin (clarithromyin if allergy)

33

SU hearing loss bc of old age

Prebycusis

34

General rules for salivary gland pathology

Large glands are common benign and tumours in minor glands are more malignant

35

Most common benign parotid tumour

Pleomorphic adenoma (benign)

36

Treatment for pleomorphic adenoma

Wide excision

37

Tumour in parotid related to older smoking males

Warthins benign tumour

38

Pen allergy tonsillitis

Clarithromycin

39

Benign tumour of the vestibular nerve

Vestibular schwannoma

40

Young patient with bilateral vestibular schwannoma

Neurofibromatosis type 2