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Flashcards in ENT common Diagnoses Deck (60)
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1

Incidental Finding

Exam or imaging finding that is not related to the present complaint

2

Leukotriene modifier

Type of medication that inhibits the actions of inflammatory chemicals released in response to allergens

3

Meniere's Disease

Disorder of the inner ear that causes severe vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss

4

Myringotomy

A small incision of the eardrum

5

Otitis externa

Inflammation or infection of the outer ear

6

Otitis media

Inflammation or infection of the middle ear

7

PET

Pressure equalization tube

8

Pharyngitis

Inflammation or infection of the pharynx

9

Pinna

The external part of the ear: the auricle

10

Rinne test

Tuning fork test comparing air and bone conduction of sound

11

Sinus

A cavity within a bone or other tissue, especially one in the bones of the face or skull connecting with the nasal cavities (ethmoid, sphenoid, frontal, and/or maxillary)

12

Sinusitis

Inflammation or infection of the sinus cavities

13

Tonsillitis

Inflammation or infection of the tonsils

14

Tonsils

Two small masses of lymphatic tissue in the throat, one on each side of the root of the tongue

15

Tragus

Prominence on the inner side of the external ear.

16

Tympanometry

Measures movement of tympanic membrane in response to changes in pressure

17

UPPP

Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, Surgery to remove excessive tissue in the airway.

18

Vertigo

A sensation of rotation or movement of one's self or of one's surroundings, not synonymous with dizziness

19

VNG

Videonystagmography, ordered to evaluate the cause of symptoms of vertigo and dizziness

20

Weber test

Tuning fork test for sound localization to one side

21

Adenoids

Mass of lymphatic tissue between the back of the nose and the throat

22

Anosmia

Loss of sense of smell

23

Anticholinergic

Type of medication that inhibits cholinergic response

24

Antihistamine

Type of medication that inhibits histamine response

25

Audiometry

Hearing test, measures hearing over multiple frequencies and intensities

26

BPPV

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

27

Cerumen

Ear wax

28

Cerumenolytic

Substance (usually an ear drop solution) that breaks down and softens ear wax

29

Congenital

Present from birth

30

Corticosteroid

Type of medication that treats inflammation

31

Dix-Hallpike maneuver

Series of movements performed to elicit an episode of vertigo and observe for nystagmus

32

EAC

External ear canal

33

ENG

Electronystagmography, ordered to evaluate the cause of symptoms of vertigo and dizziness

34

Epistaxis

Nose bleed

35

Epley maneuvers

Series of maneuvers used attempt to correct displacement of otolith structures in the inner ear to treat BPPV

36

Eustachian tube

A tube that links the nasopharynx in the middle ear

37

FESS

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery

38

FNA

Fine needle aspiration, used to obtain biopsies

39

Hennebert's sign

Nystagmus produced by pressure applied to a sealed external auditory canal

40

Hyposmia

Decreased sense of smell

41

Incidental Finding

Exam or imaging finding that is not related to the present complaint

42

Leukotriene modifier

Type of medication that inhibits that actions of inflammatory chemicals released in response to allergens

43

Meniere's Disease

Disorder of the inner ear that causes severe vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss

44

Myringotomy

A small incision of the eardrum

45

Otitis externa

Inflammation or infection of the outer ear

46

Otitis media

Inflammation or infection of the middle ear

47

PET

Pressure equalization tube

48

Pharyngitis

Inflammation or infection of the pharynx

49

Pinna

The external part of the ear; the auricle

50

Rinne test

Tuning fork test comparing air and bone condition of sound

51

Sinus

A cavity within a bone or other tissue, especially one in the bones of the face or skull connecting with the nasal cavities (ethmoid, sphenoid, frontal, and/or maxillary)

52

Sinusitis

Inflammation or infection of the sinus cavities

53

Tonsillitis

Inflammation or infection of the tonsils

54

Tonsils

Two small masses of lymphatic tissue in the throat, one on each side of the root of the tongue

55

Tragus

Prominence on the inner side of the external ear

56

Tympanometry

Measures movement of tympanic membrane in response to changes in pressure

57

UPPP

Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, surgery to remove excessive tissue in the airway

58

Vertigo

A sensation of rotation or movement of one's self or of one's surroundings, not synonymous with dizziness

59

VNG

Videonystagmography, ordered to evaluate the cause of symptoms of vertigo and dizziness

60

Weber test

Tuning fork test for sound localization to one side