Environmental and Occupational Influences on Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Environmental and Occupational Influences on Health Deck (18)
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1

what is a hazard

something with the potential to cause harm

2

what is risk

the likelihood of harm occuring

3

what is a risk facotr

increases the risk of harm

4

what is a protective factor

decreases the risk of harm

5

what is susceptibility

influences the likelihood that something will cause harm

6

what are examples of harm

-physicla
-chemical
-mechanial
-biological
-psychological

7

what are routes of exposure

-skin
-blood
-inhalation
-ingestion

8

what are factors influencing the degree of risk

-how much a person is exposed
-how a person is exposed-
-coniditons of exposure

9

what does risk combine

the probability that a particular outcome will occur and the severity of harm involved

10

what are the 3 principles that govern the perception of risk

-feeling in control
-size of possible harm
-familiarty with the risk

11

what is involuntary

where we believe we have little control-bigger risk

12

what is voluntary

where we believe we have some control- smaller risk

13

the less familiar the risk

the greater the perceived risk

14

what are individual varibales

-previous experience
-attitudes towards risk
-values
-belefs
-socioeconomic facotrs

15

what are DIRECT environmental hazards

-physcil-raditation
-chemical-pesticides
-bioligical- infectious agents

16

what are INDIRECT Environmental hazards

-housing-overcrowding
-transport-encouraging walking
-town planning
-income/welfare

17

what is occupational disease

slips, trips and fals

18

what is global health and sustainability

-inequalities in health within and between countries
-local problems may generate global consequences
-effective use of limited resources
-technology
-managing expectationg
-politics/human rights