Flashcards in Environmental influences on Health Deck (22):
Something with the potential to cause harm.
-The likelihood of harm occurring.
Define risk factor
-Something that increases the risk of harm
Define protective factor
-Something that decreases the risk of harm.
-Influences the likelihood that something will cause harm.
What are the types of hazards? (5)
What are the routes of exposure? (4)
What are the factors that influence the degree of risk? (3)
-How much exposed
-Method of exposure
-Conditions of exposure
What are the principles of risk perception?
1. Feeling in control (in/voluntary - voluntary = less risk)
-2. The Size of the possible harm (greater possible harm (even if less likely) = greater risk)
-3. Familiarity with the risk (less familiar = greater risk)
Give an example of an involuntary feeling in control risk.
Give an example of a voluntary feeling in control risk.
What are the variables in risk perception? (7)
-Attitudes towards risk
-Socio economic factors
What direct pathological effects can the environment have?
Physical (radiation, noise/vibration)
-Chemical (pesticides, volatile organic compounds)
-Biological (infectious agents, allergic substances)
What indirect pathological effects can the environment have?
-Housing (e.g. Overcrowding)
-Transport (e.g. Walking/car use)
-Town planning (e.g.amenities, social networks)
How many occupational fatal injuries were there in 2010/11?
How many occupational non fatal injuries were there in 2010/11?
How many deaths/year are due to past exposures at work?
How many deaths/year are due to occupational cancer?
How many deaths/year are there due to COPD gained from past work exposure?
How many cases are there per year due to ill health/work?
Describe the problem with global health and sustainabilty.
Inequalities in health within and between
Local problems may be generated or have
Effective use of limited resources
Managing expectations and facilitating
Politics/human rights/gender issues