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WMI Wilderness First Responder > Environmental Topics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Environmental Topics Deck (11):
1

Symptom: muscle cramps. Tx?

Gentle stretching
Apply pressure
Ice
Benadryl at bedtime (to prevent nighttime cramps)
Could be a sign of dehydration, so
Give salted water (1 tsp/quart) or sports drink
and water

2

Indication that AMS is progressing to severe

Change in LOR
Ataxia
Shortness of breath at rest
Signs of HACE or HAPE

3

Signs of heat illness (moderate)

Heat exhaustion:
Headache
Nausea, dizziness, weakness
Rapid pulse, low BP
Thirst
Sweating
Goosebumps, chills, pale
Normal or mod. raised temp

4

Treatment for moderate heat illness

Rest in shade
Cool (remove excess clothes, wet, wind)
Give fluids and salty snacks
Patient may continue if improvement

5

Signs of heat illness (extreme)

Heat stroke:
*Change in LOR*
Headache
Drowsiness, irritability, unsteadiness
Rapid pulse, low BP
NOT sweating, hot skin
Temp >106 F (41 C)

6

Treatment for extreme heat illness

Remove from heat immediately
Cool (remove excess clothes, wet, wind, cold packs)
Monitor temp
Evacuate (rapid if altered LOR)

7

Signs of black widow bite

Sharp pinprick sensation
No mark (faint red bite marks later)
Muscle stiffness, cramps - ascending from bitten limb to abs and thorax
Headache
Chills, fever, sweating, dizzy, nausea, vomiting
Severe abdominal pain

8

Signs of brown recluse bite

Bull's eye appearance
Central white core, rings of red, white, or blue
Local pain, then aching and itching
Fever, weakness, vomiting
Joint pain, rash

9

Lightning safety things to do

1. Shelter in car, building (not tent)
2. Squat on heels
3. Stay in thick brush or low trees
4. Stay 10 feet from rock walls
5. Separate group (each 100 feet away)
6. Avoid metal (pack, bike, radio)

10

Rabies: likely animals, Tx

Any animal bite is a rabies risk.
Bat, fox, raccoon, skunk
Clean wound with soap and disinfected water
Evac all animal bites

11

Which types of lightning strikes cause most injuries

Ground current (50-55%)
Splash lightning (30-35%)
Direct hits (3-5%)