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Flashcards in Medical Topics Deck (16):
1

Normal blood glucometer reading

80-120 mg/DL

2

Sudden onset (min to hr)
Pale, cool, clammy
Rapid pulse
Headache, hunger, dizzy, nervous, weak
Staggering, poor coordination, trembling
Personality change, bad temper
Altered LOR

Signs of hypoglycemia ("insulin shock" or blood sugar too low)

3

hypoglycemia treatment

Check blood sugar
Look for med ID tags
Check airway
Give sugar, meal, rest
Evac if worsens / no recovery

4

Sudden onset
Pain in one flank
Severe pain causing restlessness and vomiting
Bloody urine

Signs of kidney stone

5

Treatment for kidney stone

Give pain meds
Increase fluid intake
Evac if severe pain/fever

6

Momentary lack of awareness
Involuntary movement of limbs
Sensation of numbness/tingling
Abnormal vision
Sudden spasm of muscles

Signs of seizure

7

Treatment for seizure

Try to prevent injury during
DO NOT restrain
Protect privacy
After, make sure airway is open
Evac first time seizures (rapid if altered LOR)

8

Quickly-altered mental state
HR: rapid, tachycardia
RR: rapid, shallow (tripod)
Skin: itch, flushed, red, hives, edema
Pupils: eyes watery, itchy, swollen

Signs of anaphylaxis

9

Treatment for anaphylaxis

Give antihistamine/Benadryl ASAP if they can take it
If no improvement in 20 min or they need it: Admin epinephrine to outer thigh
If no improvement in 5 min, give second dose
Do NOT give epi to pregnant or heart condition patients

10

Six good, yet random, reasons to evacuate patient

Painful, tender, rigid abdomen
Fractured ribs or bruises on chest
Unexplained shock
Vomiting
Blood in cough, vomit, or stool
Vaginal bleeding / pain in a pregnant patient

11

Gradual onset (hours to days)
Flushed, dry, warm skin
HR: rapid
RR: rapid, deep
Extreme thirst
Vomiting
Fruity odor of breath
Frequent urination
Altered LOR

Signs of ketoacidosis
(blood sugar too high)

12

Treatment for ketoacidosis (blood sugar too high)

Assess airway, injury, etc.
Give sugar with any diabetic issue if not sure
Give non-sugary liquids
Evacuate

13

Pain and swelling in testicle
Gradual onset
Patient >25 yrs old
What is it? Tx?

Signs of Epididymitis
Tx: Warm compresses
Give antibiotics if avail

14

Sudden onset
Pain in testicle
Patient <25 yrs old
What is it? Tx?

Signs of testicular torsion
Tx: Try untwisting: rotate testicle 180 degrees one way, then other
Evac if not resolved in minutes

15

Unconscious / unresponsive patient: possible causes

AEIOU TIPS
Allergies
Epilepsy
Insulin
Overdose
Underdose
Trauma
Infection
Psychological/Poison
Stroke

16

Unconscious / unresponsive patient: Tx

Protect spine
ABCs - manage airway
Consider recovery position
Search for clues / reason
Consider giving sugar
Continually monitor for change in LOR
Maintain body temp