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Flashcards in Epidemiology Overview Deck (12)
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1

What does the Wanless report focus on?

Wanless Report
- focus on prevention and the wider determinants of health
- cost-effectiveness of actions to improve health and reduce inequalities

2

What are the 6 policy objectives for the marmot review?

Marmot Review - had 6 policy objectives:

Give every child the best start in life

Enable all children, young people and adults to maximise their capabilities and have control over their lives

Create fair employment and good work for all

Ensure a healthy standard of living for all

Create and develop healthy places and communities

Strengthen the role and impact of ill health prevention

3

Recall the 5 trends you should know?

Health decreases with socioeconomic class

Smoking is more prevalent among manual laborers

Smoking generally decreases with age though in some socioeconomic classes there is a peak around 45-54 years

Alcohol consumption decreases with socioeconomic class

Obesity increases as deprivation increases

4

What is the drug called used to treat Schistosomiasis?

Schistosomiasis, also known as snail fever and bilharzia, is a disease caused by parasitic flatworms called schistosomes. The urinary tract or the intestines may be infected. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloody stool, or blood in the urine.

Praziquantel, sold under the brandname Biltricide among others, is a medication used to treat a number of types of parasitic worm infections.

5

What drug is used to treat Helmiths+ LF?

Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a neglected tropical disease.

Helminths (/ˈhɛlmɪnθs/), also commonly known as parasitic worms, are large multicellular organisms, which can generally be seen with the naked eye when they are mature. They are often referred to as intestinal worms even though not all helminths reside in the intestines. For example, schistosomes are not intestinal worms, but rather reside in blood vessels. The word helminth comes from Greek hélmins, a kind of worm.

Albendazole

Albendazole, also known as albendazolum,[1] is a medication used for the treatment of a variety of parasitic worm infestations.

6

What drug is used to treat Helmiths?

Parasitic worm infection usually end with iasis

Mebendazole

7

What drugs are used to treat onchocerciasis + LF?

Onchocerciasis, also known as river blindness, is a disease caused by infection with the parasitic worm Onchocerca volvulus.

Symptoms include severe itching, bumps under the skin, and blindness. It is the second-most common cause of blindness due to infection, after trachoma

Mectizan (Ivermectin)

8

What drug is used to treat blinding trachoma?

Trachoma is an infectious disease caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.[2] The infection causes a roughening of the inner surface of the eyelids.[2] This roughening can lead to pain in the eyes, breakdown of the outer surface or cornea of the eyes, and eventual blindness.[2]

Zithromax

Zithromax (azithromycin) is an antibiotic that fights bacteria.

9

What is the vector for Schistosomiasis ?

Schistosomiasis - Snails

Onchocerciasis - Blackfly

Lymphatic Filariasis - Mosquito

10

What is the vector for onchocerciasis?

Blackfly

11

What is the vector for lymohatic filariasis?

Mosquito

12

Name 3 soil transmitted helminths?

Soil Transmitted Helminths:

Ascariasis

Trichuriasis

Hookworm