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geography - migration, identity and sovereignity > EQ2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in EQ2 Deck (14)
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1

a sovereign state

a legally recognised government that exerts sovereignty over a territory

2

national boarders

a geographic boundary, with a a legal status as the recognised limit [or start] of sovereignty over a territory

3

enclaves

are parts of one sovereign state surrounded by another sovereign state

4

legitimacy

is the right of a state to govern, and the acceptance of a nation of that right

5

empire

territory beyond a nation states boarders that has been taken by force, or purchased in some cases, over which the nation sate has direct control and sovereignty

6

a proxy war

is one fought by two sides, who are each supported by more powerful, opposing nation states or superpowers. The more powerful nation states do not directly engage each other in conflict

7

decolonisation

the process of granting independance to former colonies

8

imperial core countries

means the colonial power e.g. Britain as the colonial ruler of India Ghana or Jamaica

9

cultural heterogeneity

a nation state with diverse ethnicity, and therefore many people from different cultural backgrounds (cultural diversity)

10

corporation tax

tax paid by businesses, on their profits

11

expatriates

people from one country e.g. the UK, who live in another country e.g. the Bahamas, sometimes to avoid paying tax in the UK

12

the global economic system

the dominant capitalist model of free markets, free trade, the profit motive and the dominance of large, global TNCs

13

characteristics of a 'tax haven'

- very low personal income tax and corporation tax rates, or no taxes at all
- laws making it very hard to find out which companies are based in the country
- the legal use of shell companies to hide the ownership of companies or assets.

14

shell companies

businesses that exist on paper, but have no employees or premises
they are used as devices to avoid paying taxes