Flashcards in ERIC: Case Controlled Studies Deck (12)
Case control study
study used to determine if an association between an exposure and a specific heath outcome
Base sampling also called
case base sampling
Base sampling def
This sampling involves using controls selected from the source population such that every person has the same chance of being included as a control.
Cumulative density sampling also called
Cumulative density sampling def
When controls are sampled from those people who
remained free of the health outcome at the end of follow- up
incidence density sampling also called
risk set sampling
incidence density sampling def
when controls are selected from the at-risk source population at the same time as cases occur (controls must be eligible to become a case if the health outcome develops in the control at a later time during the period of observation)
Case control study are most effective for
antecedent: consequence bias
when you conclude that a second thing is caused by a first thing because the first thing came before the second thing
concentrating on the people or things that made it past some selection process and overlooking those that did not, typically because of their lack of visibility.
when participants (relying on memory to give self-report misrepresent what events/experiences
is a systematic error caused by differences in the accuracy or completeness of the recollections retrieved ("recalled") by study participants regarding events or experiences from the past.