ESL#2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ESL#2 Deck (43)
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1

a phrase used when waking someone up, especially when one wants to be very cheerful and happy

rise and shine! [breakfast is ready!]

2

a time that is not too early or late; a time that is considered appropriate or normal for performing a certain activity

decent hour

3

a small section in a barn that is separated from other areas by walls, used for one large animal, usually a horse

stall

4

to clean an animal and brush its fur (hair), and possibly to cut its claws (nails) and brush its teeth

to groom

5

to remove unwanted plants from an area to make the ground more attractive and/or to give other plants more room to grow

to weed

6

to be qualified or prepared to do something, especially when referring to someone’s inner qualities rather than skills that can be learned

to be cut out to be

7

a store that sells a particular type of thing that may not interest all consumers

a specialty store

8

a very large building with many stores in one building, so that people can walk between stores without going outside, usually with a food court

a shopping mall

9

a store where products are sold to individuals at normal prices

a retail store

10

to spend time with another person in a relaxed, informal way without any clear purpose or goal

to hang out

11

someone or something that makes a situation more difficult and does not add any value or provide any assistance; a burden (heavy weight) that must be carried, but has no worth

dead weight

12

a party pooper; someone who spoils everyone’s fun; someone who ends a good or enjoyable situation

buzzkill

13

a situation where there is a lot of money or people make a lot of money very easily

gravy train

14

extra and unnecessary; more than is needed or wanted

extraneous

15

to appease people; to do or say something that addresses others’ concerns and makes them feel calmer or less upset

to quell the masses

16

benefits one receives in a job in addition to one’s pay or salary

perks

17

a necessary part of something; a part that is separate, but cannot be avoided

part and parcel [Learning how to paint and fix leaking faucets are part and parcel of being a homeowner.]

18

to hear about something; to hear a rumor; to become aware of something

to get wind of

19

a phrase used to present the most important point or a conclusion about something that is complex

the long and short of it [I could show you graphs and charts full of data all day long, but the long and short of it is that our company is losing market share.]

20

a long meeting held outside of the office where people normally work, often for strategic planning or teambuilding, and often with opportunities for relaxation and enjoyment

retreat

21

for hair to fall out so that there is less hair covering one’s scalp (the skin on the top of one’s head)

to thin

22

dignified; getting respect from others; showing authority

distinguished

23

elusive; not clear, direct, or straightforward; hiding something

evasive

24

to say things that prevent another person from committing suicide by jumping off of a tall building

to talk (someone) off a ledge

25

to behave or function improperly, not as something should

to act up

26

exploit the power of

to harness; “harness natural forces and resources”

27

to explain something in such a way as to deeply convince one's listeners of your point of view

to drive a point home

28

a phrase used when there is only one answer or solution, and there are no other options or alternatives

no two ways about it

29

to make someone feel unwelcome or excluded

to alienate (someone)

30

to accept a new or increased cost and pay for it without asking one’s customers to pay that additional amount, thereby reducing one’s profits

to absorb

31

to counterbalance; to make up for; to do the opposite of something

to offset

32

a percentage calculated by dividing a company’s net income (money received minus expenses) by total revenues (the total amount of money received)

profit margin

33

to become smaller; to be reduced in size

to shrink

34

basic materials, such as wood or metal, that are used to make a product

raw materials

35

a company that sells materials that other companies need to make other goods and services

supplier

36

a very good way to do something; a way of doing something that always succeeds and has no chance of failure

sure way to

37

to do things more quickly or less expensively, but at a lower quality

to cut corners

38

to depart in large numbers; for many people to stop doing or using something

to leave in droves

39

to stop doing something; to no longer continue to do something, especially to stop making a product

to discontinue

40

to make or create many of the same items, especially in a factory

to manufacture

41

entirely; completely

altogether

42

the people who are employed by a business or in an industry; labor; workers

workforce

43

not under consideration; not an option; out of the question

off the table