Flashcards in Essay- Success Of Liberal Reforms Deck (14):
The Old KU 1
Too old and frail to work
1908 old age pension act
Anyone over 70
5 shillings a weeks nd married couples 37.5p a week
Allowed them to pay bills and food
Push in staying above poverty line
Old Ku 2.
To receive pension had to be a british citizen for over 30 years and out of jail for 10 years
Life expectancy mid 40s and those who lived past that were still old and frail and unable to work but benefits weren’t for them - solving problem ineffectively
Old - evaluation
Partly as —- by 1914 970,000 claimants proving it did some good
However Booth and Rowntree said u need at least 7s a week to stay above poverty line so less effective and less successful
Young KU 1.
Born into poverty and too young to work so left starving and impoverished
1906 education act (provision of school meals) free school meals paid out of rates eat better so they can focus better and do well in school potentially securing jobs in the future - however - during holidays or weekends had no food evident as lost weight over holidays so makes it less effective
Young KU 2
1907 education act (medical inspections) provides free medical inspections 2 per year so taht any chronic illnesses can be identified
Successful as parents can identify is their children have rickets, were malnourished or had tuberculosis as well as many other illnesses
Young KU 2 Counter xxx
However—— medical treatments not set up until 1912 so though illnesses were identified 5 years prior parents could not solve the problem or help their child for some taking making it less successful
Party successful in aiding the young
1908 children’s charter act which prevented children under 16 purchasing alcohol which arguably worsened poverty, many children did not receive free school meals until it was made compulsory in 1914 making it less successful
Overall showing the liberal reforms were partly successful.
Those who had become ill or caught illness or injury at work who couldn’t work due to this
1911 national insurance act was introduced allowed a sick worker to take out 10s a week for upto 26weeks as long as paid in from his wage
Employee 4d, employer 3d state 2d
Solid income to pay bills and for food without descending down the poverty line
Once 26 weeks are up employeee is forced back into poverty or poor law as no more income coming in making it a temporary fix
Partly successful in aiding sick
Workers compensation act of 1906 gave an income to those who were injured at work, it was hard to prove as it was through an employer recognising there own faults which was hard to do and many failed to prove their case making it less successful. Overall showing the reforms were only partly successful.
No regular income therefore unable to pay for necessities
1908 labour exchanges were opened which were like
Job centres they had clothes mending and washing facilities as well as refreshments to attract the unemployed —- gave an area to look for jobs they suited for and then receive an income to pay for bills and other things
However- employers did not have to advertise their jobs in the labour exchanges which prevented a lot of potential jobs to become aware to the unemployed making it less successful.