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Flashcards in Essential4 Deck (82):
0

Elite

: the people who have the most wealth and status in a society : the most successful or powerful group of people

1

Classless

: without social or economic classes : not grouping people according to their social or economic level
: not connected to a particular social or economic class
: rude in a way that is annoying

2

Conventional

: used and accepted by most people : usual or traditional

3

Divisive

: causing a lot of disagreement between people and causing them to separate into different groups

4

Spontaneous

: done or said in a natural and often sudden way and without a lot of thought or planning
: doing things that have not been planned but that seem enjoyable and worth doing at a particular time

5

Cram

: to fill (something) so that there is no room for anything else : to fill (something) completely
: to push or force (someone or something) into a space that is tight or crowded
: to push or force yourself into a space that is tight or crowded

6

Privileged

: having special rights or advantages that most people do not have
law : known only by the people who need to know

7

Streaming

1 : an act or instance of flowing; specifically : cyclosis
2 British : tracking
3 computers : playing continuously as data is sent to a computer over the Internet

8

Inferiority complex

: a belief that you are less worthy or important than other people

Antonym: superiority complex

9

Slavish

: copying or following someone or something completely without any attempt to be original or independent

10

Haute couture

: the people and companies that create clothes that are very expensive and fashionable ; also : the clothes they create

11

Running nose

آب دماغ مياد.. !

12

I wasn't destined to do sth

قسمت نبود...

13

Expedite

Speed up

14

Contributions

كمك،همكاري

15

Soupkitchen

: a place that gives food (such as soup and bread) to poor people

16

Handouts

صدقه

17

Pose

To act as one...
To play the role..

18

Criterion

معيار

19

Denote

معني كردن

20

Bleak

Deppressive

21

Derive

نتيجه گرفتن
Conclude

22

Acquire

بدست آوردن،حاصل كردن

23

Fluctuate

نوسان كردن
: to change level, strength, or value frequently

24

Raid

حمله ناگهاني

25

Assessment

ارزيابي

26

Comply with

مطابق با

27

Imply

اشاره ميكند به... اين مفهوم را ميرساند...

28

Presume

فرض كردن، عقيده داشتن

29

Overwhelm

پايمال كردن

30

Subsequent

متعاقب , بعدي

32

Homeopathy

a system for treating illnesses that uses very small amounts of substances that would in larger amounts produce symptoms of the illnesses in healthy people

33

Acupuncture

طب سوزني

34

Taboo

Forbidden, banned
Not acceptable to talk or do

35

Concise

مختصر،كوتاه،موجز

36

Incorporating

تركيب، بهم پيوستن

37

Whimsical

غريب،
دهن بين!
وسواس،
بالهوس!

38

For instance

براي مثال

39

Predator-pray

شكارچي،شكار

40

Ward off

دفع كردن،دور كردن

41

Scoff

تمسخر،ريشخند

42

Garlic cloves

حبه ي سير

43

Ingest

قورت دادن

44

Pulverized

ساييده

45

Alternativ

جايگزين

46

Constraints

محدوديت،اجبار،قيد

47

Alienated

بيگانه با...

48

Chronic diseases

بيماري هاي مزمن

49

Mainstream

مسير اصلي

50

Nausea

حالت تهوع

51

Holistic

: relating to or concerned with complete systems rather than with individual parts

52

Stand out.....

To be different from others ( positive or negative way)

53

That makes two of us

Me too

54

Sabbatical leave

فرصت مطالعاتي

55

Settle the account

تسويه حساب

56

Unscrupulous

: not honest or fair : doing things that are wrong, dishonest, or illegal

57

Egotistical

Conceited
Contemptuous
Vain
Snobbish
Arrogant (negative)

58

Taking sth to extreme

شورشو دراوردن

59

Stifle

Muffle

: to not allow yourself to do or express (something)
: to stop (someone) from doing or expressing something
: to make (something) difficult or impossible
Full Definition
transitive verb
1 a : to kill by depriving of oxygen : suffocate
b (1) : smother (2) : muffle
2 a : to cut off (as the voice or breath)
b : to withhold from circulation or expression
c : deter, discourage

60

Subdue

Overcome;quiten; a (feeling or person)
: to get control of (a violent or dangerous person or group) by using force, punishment, etc.
: to get control of (something, such as a strong emotion)

61

Subside

: to become less strong or intense
: to move down to a lower level
Full Definition
1 : to sink or fall to the bottom : settle
2 : to tend downward : descend; especially : to flatten out so as to form a depression
3 : to let oneself settle down : sink
4 : to become quiet or less
synonyms see abate
Other forms: sub·sid·ed; sub·sid·ing
sub·si·dence \səb-ˈsī-dən(t)s, ˈsəb-sə-dən(t)s\ noun
Examples
as the noise of the siren subsided, I was able to fall back to sleep

71

Sewage

فاضلاب

72

Blatant

پر سر و صدا، جنجالي!
: very obvious and offensive

73

Watchdog

: a dog that is trained to guard a place
: a person or organization that makes sure that companies, governments, etc., are not doing anything illegal or wrong

74

Exploit

بكار بردن
بهره برداري

: to get value or use from (something)
: to use (someone or something) in a way that helps you unfairly

75

Subtle

لطيف، تيز و نافذ، دقيق
/ˈsə-təl\
: hard to notice or see : not obvious
: clever and indirect : not showing your real purpose
: having or showing skill at recognizing and understanding things that are not obvious

76

Ubiquitous

حاضر،موجود
: seeming to be seen everywhere
Full Definition
: existing or being everywhere at the same time : constantly encountered : widespread
ubiq·ui·tous·ly adverb
ubiq·ui·tous·ness noun

77

Inhibit

Hinder
Restrain
Prevent

78

Authoritarian

: expecting or requiring people to obey rules or laws : not allowing personal freedom
Full Definition
1 : of, relating to, or favoring blind submission to authority
2 : of, relating to, or favoring a concentration of power in a leader or an elite not constitutionally responsible to the people

79

Permissive

: giving people a lot of freedom or too much freedom to do what they want to do

80

Adolescence

Puberty ,
: the period of life when a child develops into an adult

81

Juvenile delinquency

1 : conduct by a juvenile characterized by antisocial behavior that is beyond parental control and therefore subject to legal action
2 : a violation of the law committed by a juvenile and not punishable by death or life imprisonment
juvenile delinquent noun

82

Conduct

رفتار ،سلوك،اداره كردن
: the way that a person behaves in a particular place or situation
: the way that something is managed or directed

83

Possessive

: not willing to share things with or lend things to other people
: wanting all of someone's attention and love
grammar : relating to a word or a form of a word that shows that something or someone belongs to something or someone else

84

Rebellious

: fighting against a government
: refusing to obey rules or authority or to accept normal standards of behavior, dress, etc. : having or showing a tendency to rebel

85

Unscrupulous

Dishonest
Having or showing no moral principles

86

Counter-productive

Having the opposite of the desired effect
: not helpful : making the thing you want to happen less likely to happen

87

Naïve

: having or showing a lack of experience or knowledge : innocent or simple
Full Definition
1 : marked by unaffected simplicity : artless, ingenuous
2 a : deficient in worldly wisdom or informed judgment; especially : credulous
b : not previously subjected to experimentation or a particular experimental situation ; also : not having previously used a particular drug (as marijuana)
c : not having been exposed previously to an antigen
3 a : self-taught, primitive
b : produced by or as if by a self-taught artist
synonyms see natural
Other forms: na·iv·er; na·iv·est

88

Ambiance

: the mood or feeling of a particular place
Full Definition
: a feeling or mood associated with a particular place, person, or thing : atmosphere
Examples
the exurb has the unmistakable ambience of old money

Synonyms: air, aura (or ambiance), aroma, atmosphere, climate, flavor, halo, karma, mood, nimbus, note, odor, patina, smell, temper, vibration(s)

89

Deplete

to use most or all of (something important) : to greatly reduce the amount of (something)
Full Definition
transitive verb
1 : to empty of a principal substance
2 : to lessen markedly in quantity, content, power,

miners depleted the vein of copper ore after only a few months
disease and battlefield casualties had depleted troop strength to dangerously low levels

90

Soar

Opposite of falter

91

Coming up with sth

Inventing, creating
Come up with some idea so we can decide what to do.