Ethical and Animal Welfare Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ethical and Animal Welfare Deck (12)
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1
Q

What is Utilitarianism?

A

An action that is right only if it produces the most overall happiness of all the available actions

2
Q

What are the rules of Utilitarianism?

A
  1. Consequences are the only thing that matters
  2. Happiness is the only consequences with value
  3. Everyone’s happiness is equally important
3
Q

What is Kantianism?

A

The moral worth of an action depends only on the intentions
This rejects Utilitarianism that consequences are all that matter

4
Q

What is Animal Welfare?

A

Is concerned with care and well being of the animal while providing for human needs. (Utilitarianism)

5
Q

What is Animal Rights?

A

The philosophy of the standing of animals in relation to human society. No use of animals for human benefits. (Katianism)

6
Q

What are the 5 Freedoms of Animals?

A

Freedom from Thirst, Hunger and Malnutritions
Freedom from Discomfort and Exposure
Freedom from Pain, Injury and Disease
Freedom from Fear and Distress
Freedom to Express Normal Behaviour

7
Q

What are the 5 Domains?

A

Nutrition
Environment
Health
Behaviour
Mental State

8
Q

What is the Animal Welfare Act?

A

Requires minimum standards of care animals bred for commercial sale, research, transportation and exhibit

9
Q

What is the Human Slaughter Act?

A

Requires that animals are unconscious before slaughter to minimize pain

10
Q

What is the Marine Mammal Acts?

A

Regulates the killing, capturing and harassing of marine mammals

11
Q

What is the Endangered Species Act?

A

Protects fish birds and mammals listed as threatened or endangered in the US.

12
Q

How can we measure stress in Animals?

A

Measure Cortisol levels in blood, urine, feces and saliva
Oxytocin hormone
Heart Rate Variability (HRV)
Psychological well-being