Ethical Theories Flashcards Preview

Cell: Exam 3 > Ethical Theories > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ethical Theories Deck (91):
0

Well-founded standards of right and wrong that prescribes what ought and not ought

Ethics

1

Study and development of one's ethical standards

Ethics

2

Model for Ethical Reasoning

Facts, Stakeholders,Dilemma,Alternatives,Consequences,Values

3

Logical, Evidence-based, Consistent

Moral Reasoning

4

Characteristics of evidence-based ethical reasoning

Accurate, Relevant, Complete

5

Punishment and obedience

Stage 1, Pre-conventional

6

Instrument relativist

Stage 2, Pre-conventional

7

Good Boy/Nice Girl

Stage 3, Conventional

8

Law and Order

Stage 4, Conventional

9

Social Contract principle

Stage5, Post-conventional

10

Universal ethical principle

Stage 6, Post-conventional

11

Focus on self

Pre-conventional

12

Group-based moral reasoning

Conventional Stagep

13

Focus on greater good in ethical reasoning

Post-conventional

14

Kohlberg stage avoiding pain

Punishment and obedience, 1

15

Reward and punishment stage

Instrument relativist, 2

16

Seeking pleasure stage

Instrumental relativist, 2

17

Punishment/recognition from group

Good boy/ Nice girl, 3

18

What's in it for my group?

Law and Order, 4

19

Social contract

Social contract principle,5

20

What will everyone do for greater good

Universal ethical principle, 6

21

Cost-benefit analysis

Utilitarianism

22

"Of any two actions, the most ethical one will produce the greatest balance of benefits over harm"

Utilitarianism

23

Tries to keep in mind all stakeholders

Utilitarianism

24

Sum total of utilities > sum total of utilities produced by alternatives performed in its place

Utilitarianism

25

Characteristics of cost-benefit calculus

Efficiency, scarce reaource is time, easiest to apply, diagnose procedure

26

There are certain moral rights and duties possessed regardless of utilitarian benefits

Kant

27

Reversibility and Universalizability

Kant

28

Maxim

Kant

29

The reason I hold for doing what I plan to do should be what any of the reaso that would lead anyone to fi the same if they were in my place

Maxim

30

My reasons are reasons that everyone could act on, at least in my principle

Universalizability

31

"If I am the one..."

Reversibility

32

Components of categorical imperative

Reversibility and Universalizability

33

Ethics of doing

Virtue ethics

34

The right thing to do is what a virtuous person would do

Virtue ethics

35

Virtuous person has practical wisdom

Virtue ethics

36

Strengths of character that enables us to fluorish

Virtues

37

Do no harm

Non-maleficence

38

Provide benefits to contribute to their welfare

Beneficence

39

Acknowledge a person'a right to make choices

Autonomy/Respect for persons

40

Concerns rights of people

Autonomy/Respect for persons

41

Kinds of rights

Positive, Negative, Contractual

42

Duties of others to provide holder of the right what is needed to pursue their interest

Positive rights

43

Duties of others to not interfere in activities of a person who holds a right

Negative rights

44

Limited rights that arise from agreements

Contractual rights

45

Special duty of managers to care for organization

Contractual rights

46

Includes privacy and property

Negative rights

47

Work, education, healthcare, standard of living

Positive rights

48

Treat others equitably, distribute benefits/burdens fairly

Justice

49

All equals treated equally
All unequals treated unequally

Justice

50

Retributive, Compensatory, Distributive

Justice

51

Fair imposition of punishment and penalties on those who do wrong

Retributive justice

52

Fair way of compensating people for what they lose when they were wronged

Compensatory justice

53

Fair distribution if society's burdens and benefits

Distributive justice

54

Equal liberty
Difference and opportunity
Original position with veil of ignorance

Rawl's Theory of justice

55

Characterizes natural identity

Pre-conventional

56

Characterizes social role/identity

Conventional stage

57

Characterizes identity of true self

Post-conventional stage

58

Characterizes natural/social environment

Pre-conventional stage

59

Characterizes group/ community

Conventional stage

60

Characterizes realm of ends

Post-conventional stage

61

Characterizes mindful of consequences

Pre-conventional stage

62

Characterizes mindful of role, law, norms

Conventional stage

63

Characterizes maxim: universal principles because that is what everyone aims for

Post-conventional stage

64

Characterizes what I am afraid of: punishment

Pre-conventional stage

65

Characterizes shame

Conventional stage

66

Characterizes guilt

Post conventional stage

67

Characterizes subjective benefit to myself

Pre-conventional stage

68

Characterizes conformity

Conventional stage

69

Characterizes utility, social contract, universal principles

Post-conventional stage

70

Cowardice-recklessness

Courage

71

Asceticism-gluttony lust

Temperance

72

Compassion

Callousness-pity

73

Exploitation-deferring too much

Respect

74

False modesty-self righteousness

Humility

75

Human is an end and not a means to an end

Categorical imperative

76

Self-confidence

Low self-esteem-arrogance

77

Complacency-envy

Admiration, emulatiob

78

Self love, self-respect

Self-depreciation-vanity

79

Being too meek-revenge

Rightful anger

80

Ignoring and denying-revenge

Forgiveness

81

Gratitude

Suspicion and envy-over insebtedness

82

Indifference-shame, guilt trip

Remorse

83

Indifference-obsequiousness

Loyalty

84

Golden mean

Courage
Temperance
Compassion
Respect
Humility
Self-confidence
Admiration/emulation
Self-live
Rightful anger
Forgiveness
Gratitude
Remorse
Loyalty

85

Rights that highlight confidentiality

Negative rights

86

Batay sa binigay

Capitalist

87

Patas

Egalitarian

88

Not knowing place in society

Veil of ignorance

89

Saint; Repeated correct action turning into habit

Virtue ethics

90

Doing the right thing at the right time

Courage