Flashcards in Ethics Deck (11):
a community’s norms and rules of right and wrong;
a body of religious doctrine about right and wrong;
the rational study of right and wrong;
the standards of right and wrong that ‘ought’ to be;
a philosophical inquiry that seeks to explain and analyse questions of right and wrong.
Normative ethics is?
standards of right/wrong, good/bad conduct & character that ought to be accepted by people
what SHOULD be not what IS
Define cultural relativism
the argument that all ethical values, norms & rules are mere opinions or prejudices in a particular place or time
neither culture is more moral than the other; just different
extent to which they/you follow their community or group's ethical values, norms & principles
What does cultural relativism imply?
that we cannot compare communities, cultures or traditions because there is no common standard by which an evaluation can be made.
If we do try to rank and compare we will do so from the perspective of our own tradition. imposing our 'ethics'
No common morality across all societies
ethical egoism is?
an approach that focuses on what is in your best interests. It is an approach that suggests that you should do whatever it is that is good for you over the long run.
suggests that people should base their moral decisions on what will produce the greatest good for greatest number of people
somethings are wrong regardless of their consequences
focuses on intentions as basis for determining moral actions
there are some common values held globally in all communities. therefore we can use as guides particularly when we must interact with people from other cultures.
Directly challenges cultural relativism