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Flashcards in Ethics definitions Deck (18)
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1

Values

Personal belief about the worth of a given idea, attitude, custom, or object that sets standards that influence behavior

2

Morals

Provides standards of behavior

3

Ethics

Reflects the should of human behavior, process oriented (involved critical analysis)

4

Bioethics/clinical ethics

Application of ethical theories and principles to problems in health care

5

Dilemma

A situation that requires one to choose between two equally balanced alternatives

6

Autonomy

Refers to a persons independence, right to make choices

7

Beneficence

Refers to taking positive actions to help others

8

Nonmaleficence

Avoidance of harm or hurt

9

Respect for Person

Most fundamental human right

10

Justice

Refers to fairness

11

Fidelity

Refers to the agreement to keep promises

12

Veracity

Accuracy or conformity to truth

13

How do we understand ethical issues?

Requires exploration of personal values, peers and other professionals values and behaviors, patients rights, and institutional and societal issues/policies

14

Professional Code of Ethics

A set of ethical principles that are accepted by all members of a profession

15

Advanced directive

A written expression of a persons wishes about their medical care, esp. during terminal disease or end of life

16

Competence

A legal term for a persons decision making ability

17

Capacity

A clinical term for a persons decision making ability

18

What is the ethical decision making model?

1. Clarify the ethical dilemma
2. Gather additional information
3. Identify options
4. Make a decision
5. Act
6. Evaluate