Etiology (Causes of Disease) Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology for Billing and Coding > Etiology (Causes of Disease) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Etiology (Causes of Disease) Deck (39)
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preventive medicine

focus on keeping a patient healthy and preventing disease

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disease

any change in normal structure or function of the body

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etiology

cause or origin of a disease

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congenital

caused by an abnormality in the fetus as it develops; present during gestation and/or at birth

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degenerative

caused by progressive destruction of cells due to disease or aging process

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environmental

caused by exposure to external substances

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hereditary

caused by an inherited or spontaneous mutation in genetic material

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iatrogenic

caused by medicine or treatment that was given to the patient

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idiopathic

having no identifiable or confirmed cause

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infectious

caused by a pathogen

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communicable disease

infectious disease that is transmitted by direct or indirect contact with an infected person, animal, or insect

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neoplastic

caused by the new growth of either a benign (not cancerous) or a malignant (cancerous) tumor

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nosocomial

caused by exposure to a disease while in the hospital environment

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nutritional disease

disease caused by a lack of nutritious food, insufficient amounts of food, or an inability to utilize the nutrients in food

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symptom

any deviation from health that is experienced or felt by the patient

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sign

a symptom that can be seen or detected by others

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symptomatology

the clinical picture of all the patient's symptoms and signs

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syndrome

a set of symptoms and signs characteristic of one particular disease

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asymptomatic

showing no symptoms or signs

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inspection

using the eyes or an instrument to examine the body

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palpation

using the fingers to feel masses or enlarged organs, or to detect tenderness or pain

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auscultation

using a stethoscope to listen to the sounds of the heart, lungs, or intestines

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percussion

tapping one finger on another finger of a hand that is spread across the chest or abdomen, to listen for the differences in sound a in body cavity

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diagnosis

the physician's identification of the nature and cause of a disease or condition

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acute

sudden in nature and severity in intensity

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subacute

less severe in intensity

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chronic

continuing for 3 months or more

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exacerbation

a sudden worsening in the severity of symptoms or signs

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remission

temporary improvement in the symptoms and signs of a disease, without the underlying disease being cured

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relapse, recurrence

return of the original signs and symptoms of a disease

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sequela

and abnormal condition or complication that arises because of the original disease and remains after the original disease has resolved

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therapeutic treatment

causes the signs and symptoms to disappear

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refractory; resistant

a disease that is does not respond to treatment

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prognosis

the predicted outcome of a disease

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recuperation; recovery

return to a normal state of health

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disability

permanent loss of the ability to perform certain activities or function in a given way

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terminal illness

an illness from which the patient cannot recover, and which eventually results in death

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hopsice

facility for patients who have a terminal illness and require palliative supportive care

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palliative care

supportive medical and nursing care that keeps a patient comfortable but does not cure the disease