Etiology (Causes of Disease) Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology for Billing and Coding > Etiology (Causes of Disease) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Etiology (Causes of Disease) Deck (39)
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1

preventive medicine

focus on keeping a patient healthy and preventing disease

2

disease

any change in normal structure or function of the body

3

etiology

cause or origin of a disease

4

congenital

caused by an abnormality in the fetus as it develops; present during gestation and/or at birth

5

degenerative

caused by progressive destruction of cells due to disease or aging process

6

environmental

caused by exposure to external substances

7

hereditary

caused by an inherited or spontaneous mutation in genetic material

8

iatrogenic

caused by medicine or treatment that was given to the patient

9

idiopathic

having no identifiable or confirmed cause

10

infectious

caused by a pathogen

11

communicable disease

infectious disease that is transmitted by direct or indirect contact with an infected person, animal, or insect

12

neoplastic

caused by the new growth of either a benign (not cancerous) or a malignant (cancerous) tumor

13

nosocomial

caused by exposure to a disease while in the hospital environment

14

nutritional disease

disease caused by a lack of nutritious food, insufficient amounts of food, or an inability to utilize the nutrients in food

15

symptom

any deviation from health that is experienced or felt by the patient

16

sign

a symptom that can be seen or detected by others

17

symptomatology

the clinical picture of all the patient's symptoms and signs

18

syndrome

a set of symptoms and signs characteristic of one particular disease

19

asymptomatic

showing no symptoms or signs

20

inspection

using the eyes or an instrument to examine the body

21

palpation

using the fingers to feel masses or enlarged organs, or to detect tenderness or pain

22

auscultation

using a stethoscope to listen to the sounds of the heart, lungs, or intestines

23

percussion

tapping one finger on another finger of a hand that is spread across the chest or abdomen, to listen for the differences in sound a in body cavity

24

diagnosis

the physician's identification of the nature and cause of a disease or condition

25

acute

sudden in nature and severity in intensity

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subacute

less severe in intensity

27

chronic

continuing for 3 months or more

28

exacerbation

a sudden worsening in the severity of symptoms or signs

29

remission

temporary improvement in the symptoms and signs of a disease, without the underlying disease being cured

30

relapse, recurrence

return of the original signs and symptoms of a disease