Ch 1 - Body Planes and Directional Terms Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology for Billing and Coding > Ch 1 - Body Planes and Directional Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 1 - Body Planes and Directional Terms Deck (22)
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midsagittal plane

divides the body into right and left halves

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sagittal plane

is parallel to the midsagittal, and divides the body in to right and left segments

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frontal plane; coronal plane

divides the body into front and back segments

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transverse plane; horizontal plane

divides the body into upper and lower segments

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anterior

toward the front; pertaining to the front

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anteroposterior (AP)

from the front to the back

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caudal

downward; toward the tail

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cranial

toward the head; pertaining to the head

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cephalad

toward the head; pertaining to the head

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deep

away from the surface

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distal

away from the trunk;
farthest from the point of origin of the body part

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dorsal

toward the back; pertaining to the back

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inferior

below; downward;
toward the feet

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lateral

to the side;
away from the midline of the body

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medial

toward the midline of the body;
pertaining to the middle

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posterior

toward the back;
pertaining to the back of the body

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posteroanterior (PA)

from the back to the front;
pertaining to the back and front

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prone

face down; lying on the abdomen

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proximal

toward the trunk of the body;
nearest to the point of origin of the body part

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superficial

near the surface; pertaining to the surface

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supine

face up; lying on the back

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ventral

toward the front; pertaining to the front side