EU Institutions Flashcards Preview

European Law > EU Institutions > Flashcards

Flashcards in EU Institutions Deck (14):
1

Institutions

European Commission
Council of Ministers
European Council
EP

2

EC Articles

A17 TEU - Independence
17(1) TEU- general interest and purpose legislative acts
A290(1) TFEU - delegate
A291(2) TFEU - implement

3

EP

A14(1) TEU - legislative and budgetary

4

European Council

A15(1) TEU - impetus for development, set agenda

5

Council of Ministers

A16(1) TEU - Legislative, Budgetary
A16(4) TEU - QMV

6

QMV - A16(4) TEU

At least 55% - at least 15 members and 65% of population
Blocking minority - min 4

7

General Principles

A13 TEU - conferred, purposive competences

8

Flexibility Clause

A352 TFEU
Necessary + T do not provide necessary power - Council acting unanimously + proposal from Commission + Consent from EP = can legislate

9

Ordinary Legislative Procedure

A294 TFEU

Council Prop- 1 EP - 1 Council - 2EP - 2 Council - Conciliation - 3 EP- 3 Council

10

Special Legislative Procedure

A289 TFEU
EP + Council

11

Forms of EU legislations

A288 TFEU
Regulation// Directive// Decision// Opinion// Secondary

12

Pringle

Democratic Deficit
Powers can be expanded as long as they do not alter the essential character of the existing competence

13

Melloni

Institutional Balance
Cannot delegate powers to another body

14

Democratic Deficit Academics

Weiler - def
Majone + Moravscik - no such thing
Hix - Technocratic not desired