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Flashcards in Eval & Diagnosis Deck (52)
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1

Forearm Extensor muscles (posterolateral)

1. Extensor carpi radialis longus
2. Extensor carpi radialis brevis
3. Extensor carpi ulnaris
4. Brachioradialis
5. Extensor pollicis longus
6. Extensor pollicis brevis
7. Adductor pollicis longus
8. Extensor indicus supinator

2

Forearm Flexor Muscles

1. Flexor carpi radialis
2. Flexor carpi ulnaris
3. Palmaris longus
4. Flexor digitorum superficialis
5. Flexor digitorum profundus
6. Flexor pollicis longus
7. Pronator quadratus
8. Pronator teres

3

Colles' fracture

*Lower end of radius or ulna
*FOOSA -hyperextention
*Out for 1-2 months

4

Silver Fork Deformity

Fwd displacement of the radius that causes a visible deformity to the wrist

5

Bishop's or Benediction deformity

*Results from injury to ulnar nerve
*Flexion of pinky and ring finger

6

Claw Hand

*Results from compression of he median and ulnar nerve
*Flexion of all fingers and thumb

7

Drop Wrist

*Results from palsy of the radial nerve
*Wrist flexion

8

Ape Hand

Results from palsy of the median nerve
*Thumb is pulled into extension and fingers 2-5 into flexion

9

What runs through the carpal tunnel?

1. Flexor digitorum profundus (4 tendons)
2. Flexor digitorum superficialis (4 tendons)
3. Flexor pollicis longus (1 tendon)
4. Median nerve

10

De Quervain's Disease (Hoffman's Disease)

*Stenosing tenosynovitis in the thumb
*Effects the extensor pollicis brevis & abductor pollicis longus

11

Bowler's Thumb

Perineural fibrosis of the subcutaneous ulnar digital nerve of the thumb

12

Trigger Finger/Thumb

Stenosing tenosynovitis commonly occurring in a flexor tendon

13

Mallet Finger

*Avulsion of an extensor tendon in the finger from the insertion.
*PIP into 30° of flexion
*splinted in extensio for 6-8 weeks

14

Boutonniere (Buttonhole) Deformity

*Rupture of the extensor tendon dorsal to the middle phalanx
*DIP joint into extension and PIP into flexion
*Splinting for 5-8 weeks

15

Jersey Finger

*Rupture of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon from the insertion of the distal phalanx
*DIP cannot be flexed

16

Dupuytren's Contracture

*Nodules develop in the palmar aponeruosis
*Limit extension and eventually cause felxion deformity

17

Gamekeepers Thumb

*Sprain of the UCL of the MCP in the thumb
*Forceful abduction and possible hyperextension of the thumb
*

18

Swan Neck (Pseudoboutonniere) Deformity

*Injury to the proximal volar plate of the PIP
*Hyperextenstion of the PIP and flexion of the DIP

19

Bennett's Fracture

*Fx in at the CMC of the thumb
*From axial and abduction forces

20

Degrees of ROM in the Shoulder

1. Flexion: 180°
2. Extension: 50°
3. Abduction: 180°
4. Adduction: 40°
5. Internal Rotation: 90°
6. External Rotation: 90°

21

Scapulohumeral Rhythm

Scapular/Humeral
0°-30°: 0°/30°
30°-60°: 1°/2°
60°-90°: 1°/1°

22

Tests for GH instability (8)

1. Load Shift
2. Anterior Drawer
3. Posterior Drawer
4. Sulcus
5. Clunk
6. O'Brian
7. Apprehension
8. Relocation

23

Tests for Shoulder Impingement

1. Neers
2. Hawkins-Kennedy

24

Tests for Supraspinatus Weakness

1. Drop Arm
2. Empty Can

25

Test for Serratus Anterior Weakness

Wall push-ups (winging scapula)

26

Tests for Biceps Tendonitis

1. Yegerson's
2. Speed's
3. Ludington's

27

Tests for Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

1. Adson's (Anterior scalene syndrome test)
2. Roo's (Costoclavicular syndrome test)
3. Military Brace Position
4. Allen's (Hyperabduction syndrome test)

28

Adson's Test

*Indicated compression of the subclavian artery at the point between the heads of the anterior & middle scalenes
*Arm extended -> add head

29

Roo's Test

*Indicates compression of the subclavian artery between the first rib and clavicle
*flashing field goal

30

Military Brace Test

*Indicates compression of the subclavian artery between the first rib and clavicle
*Athlete standing -> shoulders retracted ->arm abducted to 30° and extended