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Flashcards in EXAM 03 Deck (81)
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1

CONVERTS LIGHT ENERGY INTO ELECTRICITY

PV SYSTEMS

2

PV SYSTEMS PRODUCE ___________ THROUGH DIRECT CONVERSION OF _____________

ELECTRICITY; INCIDENT SOLAR RADIATION

3

AMOUNT OF SOLAR POWER IMPINGING ON A SPECIFIC AREA

IRRADIANCE

4

AMOUNT OF SOLAR ENERGY RECEIVED BY GIVEN AREA

INSOLATION

5

A PV SYSTEM THAT SUPPLIES ELECTRICAL ENERGY WITHOUT INTERCONNECTION TO ANY OTHER POWER SOURCE; ISOLATED FROM ANY OUTSIDE ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS; OLDEST PV INSTALLATIONS

STAND ALONE SYSTEM

6

PV SYSTEMS IN AREAS SERVICED BY ELECTRIC UTILITY GRIDS

GRID CONNECTED

7

A PV DEVICE THAT GENERATES ELECTRICITY WHEN EXPOSED TO SOLAR RADIATION

PV CELL

8

TRACKING PVs _________ EFFICIENCY BY ___ %

INCREASE; 20%

9

EFFICIENCY OF MONOCRYSTALLINE PV CELLS

14-16%

10

EFFICIENCY OF POLYCRYSTALLINE PV CELLS

10-12%

11

EFFICIENCY OF NANOROD PV CELLS

1-2%

12

EFFICIENCY OF NANOSPHERAL PV CELLS

10-12%

13

EFFICIENCY OF AMORPHOUS PV CELLS

5-7%

14

BIPV STANDS FOR

BUILDING INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAIC

15

A PV SYSTEM WITH CELLS/MODULES INCORPORATED AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE BUILDING ENVELOPE (RATHER THAN TACKED ON TO THE BUILDING SHELL)

BIPV

16

BIPV EXAMPLES

CANOPIES OVER PARKING OR PAVILIONS

17

PURE WATER THAT CAN BE USED FOR DRINKING AND COOKING

POTABLE WATER

18

PROCESS WHEREBY WATER CONSTANTLY CIRCULATES

HYDROLOGIC CYCLE

19

HYDROLOGIC CYCLE IS POWER BY

ABOUT 1/4 OF THE EARTH'S SOLAR ENERGY

20

MORE THAN _____% OF WATER IS _________ IN HYDROLOGIC CYCLE BECAUSE ________________________

99%; INACCESSIBLE; IT IS SALTWATER OR FROZEN IN GLACIERS AND ICE CAPS

21

THE MOST ACCESSIBLE SOURCES OF WATER ARE ______ AND ______

PRECIPITATION AND RUNOFF

22

TANK FOR STORING WATER

CISTERN

23

TANK, TYPICALLY UNDERGROUND, IN WHICH SEWAGE IS COLLECTED AND ALLOWED TO DECOMPOSE THROUGH BACTERIAL ACTIVITY BEFORE DRAINING BY MEANS OF A LEACHING FIELD

SEPTIC TANK

24

THE _______ THE SEWAGE STAYS IN SEPTIC TANK, THE ______________ THE EFFLUENT

LONGER; LESS POLLUTED

25

ELIMINATES NEED FOR IRRIGATION

XERISCAPE

26

USING PLANTS NATIVE TO AREA TO REDUCE NEED TO BE WATERED ADDITIONALLY THAN WHAT NATURE PROVIDES

XERISCAPE - CONSERVATION TECHNIQUE

27

DRIP IRRIGATION

WATER SOAKS INTO SOIL AT A RATE THAT IS BETTER FOR MOST PLANTS THAN SUDDEN, SHORT FLOODING OF SPRINKLING

28

CAUSED BY PRESENCE OF SUSPENDED MATERIAL SUCH AS CLAY, SILT, ETC. WHETHER IS AFFECTS HEALTH OR NOT

TURBIDITY

29

THE MORE TOTAL SUSPENDED PARTICULATES IN WATER, THE ______ IT LOOKS AND THE ____________ THE TURBIDITY

MURKIER, HIGHER

30

THE MORE TURBIDITY IN THE WATER, THE _________ SUNLIGHT CAN GET TO ALGAE/PLANTS THAT WORK TO MAINTAIN ECOSYSTEM

LESS