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Flashcards in Exam #1 Deck (50)
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1
Q

Mortality:

A

Rates of death

2
Q

Morbidity:

A

Rates of disease

3
Q

Exercise science:

A

Umbrella term that covers the human body in terms of fitness and health

4
Q

Physical Activity:

A

Any movement that raises heart rate

5
Q

Exercise:

A

Planned physical activity

6
Q

Sport:

A

Competitive Exercise

7
Q

Exercise physiology:

A

How exercise relates to the anatomical structure and can be used to improve/maintain homeostasis

8
Q

Anthropometry:

A

Measurements of the body

9
Q

Ergonomics:

A

Things with specific form/function relating to anatomical structure to stay in homeostatic state or have advantage

10
Q

WHO Definition of health:

A

Physical, mental, and social well-being not simply just the absence of disease

11
Q

Position Stand:

A

Proposing a question about using certain tactics/methods/resources then using evidence based claims to make conclusion

12
Q

Scientific Method definition

A

A system that can be used to ask questions/solve problems through a variety of methodical steps

13
Q

What is a hypothesis?

A

Educated, testable guess

14
Q

Basic research:

A

Acquisition of knowledge

15
Q

Applied research:

A

Does implementation have an effect of the real world

16
Q

Experimental research:

A

Manipulating to provide conclusions

17
Q

Longitudinal research:

A

Research over time, can be with or without manipulation

18
Q

Systematic review:

A

Glorified book report

19
Q

Meta-analysis research:

A

Rerunning statistics (Study of studies)

20
Q

Independent variable:

A

Variable that is manipulated

21
Q

Dependent variable:

A

Variable that is measured, provides outcome

22
Q

What is evidence based practice?

A

Using evidence to make decisions about care

23
Q

Primary Function of nervous system

A

Control systems of the body & thought processes

24
Q

Somatic Nervous system:

A

Controls movement

25
Q

What is the leading cause of death in the US?

A

Heart Disease due to lack of fitness/healthy lifestyle

26
Q

What is the difference between sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system?

A

Sympathetic: Fight or flight, Parasympathetic: Rest and digest

27
Q

Hypertrophy:

A

Increase and growth in size of muscle cells

28
Q

Hyperplasia:

A

Increase of the number of cells

29
Q

SAID principle:
Give examples of how it effects different types of athletes

A

Specific adaptations to impose demands
Ex: Athletes are training for a specific task, so the by doing these certain types of practices, the body is going to adapt and grow stronger in those ways

30
Q

Cardiac Muscle:

A

Contraction propels blood through the circulatory system to deliver nutrients and oxygen; remove waste products– involuntary

31
Q

Skeletal Muscle:

A

Generates movement, which increases energy expenditure which is responsible for majority of daily energy expenditure– voluntary

32
Q

Smooth muscle:

A

Contraction and dilation regulate diameter of passageways in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems which allows for flow of flood to working tissue and air to lungs– involuntary

33
Q

Function of muscular system

A

Provide moments and stabilize body positions, in the heart it controls organ contraction and relaxation

34
Q

Skeletal system function:

A

Structural framework of the body, protect organ/tissue, lever system for movement, sore minerals

35
Q

Cardiovascular system function:

A

Transporting oxygen, nutrients, hormones, electrolytes, drugs, and removing waste from body

36
Q

Pulmonary System function:

A

Moving air in and out of lungs, regulating acid-base balance

37
Q

Urinary system function:

A

Eliminate waste product and regulate fluid volume, electrolyte composition, and body pH

38
Q

Digestive system function:

A

Transfer nutrients and water from the food we consume into the body

39
Q

Endocrine system function:

A

Regulate physiologic function and systems of the body

40
Q

Immune system function:

A

Regulate the susceptibility and severity of infection and illness

41
Q

Energy system function:

A

provide energy during rest and exercise

42
Q

What is osteoporosis?

A

A medical diagnosis supported by the degeneration/breakdown of tissue that lowers bone density
Lack of nutrients/exercise can weaken bones, also the other extreme of too much exercise + lack of nutrients

43
Q

What duration exercise is blood flow and the cardio system more important for?

A

over 3 minutes

44
Q

Primary messenger systems in the body:

A

Nervous system (instant) endocrine (slow)

45
Q

What is metabolic syndrome?

A

hypertension(high bp), hypoglycemia (high sugar), hyperlipidemia (high lipids), elevated body circumference

46
Q

Isometric vs. Concentric vs. Eccentric

A

Iso: same length Con: shortening, Ecc: lengthening

47
Q

What are the sources of fuel during exercise intensity?

A

Low intensity = fat, high intensity = carbohydrates
Immediate: ATP & creatine (high intensity)
Moderately high: Glycolysis & Glycogenolysis
Resting/low: oxidative metabolism

48
Q

What nutrients do we get calories from?

A

carbohydrates, fats, and proteins

49
Q

How to increase carb absorption?

A

Find ideal solution, that way the body can process it quicker

50
Q

Anabolic vs catabolic state of muscle

A

Anabolic: getting bigger
Catabolic: losing