Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (84)
What is etiology? And what are the risks
Origin of disease "why"
Risks are inherited or environmental
What is pathogenesis?
Steps in development "how"
What are morphological changes?
They can be gross or microscopic, biochemical, structural, functional
What describes how a disease develops and outlines the steps of development, such as cellular and molecular changes
Cardiac myocytes undergo what to compensate for chronic hypertension
What is the term indicating an increase in the number of cells
A viral infection that results in a wart formation is an example of pathological...
Diminished blood supply or loss of innervation to a cell are most likely to produce....
Decreased cellular protein synthesis combined with increased protein degradation is the hallmark feature of what
What involves replacing one adult cell type with another adult cell type
What adaptation to stress increases the likelihood of developing cancer
True or False, a cell that has been injured will always die as a result
Is inflammation associated with necrosis or apoptosis
Which pattern of tissue necrosis requires a histologic exam
What term describes destructive fragmentation of the nucleus within a dying cell?
Hypoxia to neurons within the CNS are likely to produce
Is timing of the injury impactful in cellular response to injurious stimuli?
No; duration, type, and severity are much more impactful
True or False; mitochondria are resistant to the deleterious effects of hypoxia
An influx of intracellular calcium will stimulate what by activating caspases?
True or False; reactive oxygen species are produced in all cells during normal aerobic respiration
True of false; reactive oxygen species are the most damaging to mucous membranes
What term describes nuclear shrinkage within a dying cell?
What term describes nuclear fading within a dying cell?
True or False; ischemia to a tissue will inhibit oxidative phosphorylation as well as glycolysis
Prolonged ischemia that produces irreversible cellular injury will stimulate what?
Restoration of blood flow to ischemic tissue is most likely to cause damage to what kind of tissue?
Accumulation of triglycerides within hepatic parenchyma is termed what?
Deposition of calcium into necrotic tissue is termed what?
Pathological hypercalcemia causing deposition of calcium into normal tissues is termed what?