Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

prevention and care of athletic injuries > Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (27)
Loading flashcards...
1

Diarthritic

Synovial joints - Freely moving

hinge, ball and socket, pivot, ellipsoid, saddle, gliding

2

Amphiarthritic

Cartilagenous - Slight Motion

Vertebrae, ribs

3

Synarthritic

Fibrous - No motion

Sutures of the skull

4

OSHA

Occupational Safety & Health Administration

5

OPIM

Other Potentially Infectious Materials

6

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment

7

Hep B

Liver Disease
Yellow/Jaundice
Joint Pain
Weight Loss
Fatique

8

HIV

Fatigue
Weight Loss
Joint Pain
Killing Immune System

9

AIDS

AVG lifespan = 2 years
Contracted from HIV

10

Pathogens

Cause disease by disrupting vital body processes or stimulating the immune system to mount a defensive reaction

11

Stages of Pathogen Infection

Incubation - no symptoms
Prodromal - starts showing symptoms
Acute - highest level of contageous
Decline
Recovery

12

Splinting

Check
Circulation
Sensation
Motion
Splint in position you find them
Splint joints above and below injured area

13

Family to Remember

Cramer - 1932

14

Trauma

requires some sort of internal or external force

15

Mechanical Injury

Requires force and changes tissue state of rest

16

Tissue Properties

Load
Stiffness
Stress
Strain

17

Creep

Deformation in Shape

18

Muscle Cramps

Painful involuntary muscle contraction

19

Muscle Guarding

Muscles contract to splint injured area in an effort to minimize pain through limiting motion

20

Muscle Spasm

Reflex caused by trauma

Clonic - altering involuntary muscle contractions and relaxation in quick succession
Tonic - rigid contraction that lasts a period of time

21

Muscle Soreness

Acute Onset - fatigue and transient muscle pain directly following exercise

Delayed Onset - pain that occurs 24-48 hours following activity (microtrauma)

22

Myofascial Trigger Points

Discrete, hypersensitive nodule with tight band of muscle/fascia

23

Ligament Sprains

Grade I - some pain, minimal loss of function, no abnormal motion, mild point tenderness

Grade II - pain, moderate loss of function, swelling and instability, tearing and separation of ligament fibers

Grade III - extremely painful, inevitable loss of function, severe instability and swelling

24

Muscle Strains

Grade I - microtearing of muscle fibers (stretch)

Grade II - some tearing of muscle fibers

Grade III - complete rupture, deformity

25

Subluxation

Partial dislocation, bones come back into alignment

26

Dislocation

at least one bone in a joint is forced out of alignment and must be manually or surgically reduced

gross deformity

27

Bursitis

Bursa = fluid filled sac that develop in areas of friction

Acute - sudden irritation

Chronic - overuse and constant external compression