Exam 1-3+Final Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1-3+Final Questions Deck (371)
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1

What percent of the minor/horizontal fissure is NOT seen on PA?

44%

2

What heart condition are vanishing tumors and pleural effusion most commonly associated with?

CHF

3

What is the most common benign tumor of the diaphragm?

Lipoma

4

What is an encapsulation of pleural fluid in an interlobar fissure called?

Vanishing pseudotumor

5

What will a large amount of pleural fluid cause the heart and mediastinum to do?

Shift away from the affected side

6

What is the most common cause of a mediastinal shift towards the affected lung?

Atelectasis

7

What is the most common primary tumor of the pleura?

Mesothelioma

8

__________ is a type of atelectasis that involves a local generalized scarring and fibrosing of the lung tissue.

Cicatrization

9

What does the standard 2 view chest series consist of?

PA and Lateral

10

What are the breathing instructions for a chest series?

Inhale and hold

11

What is the SID for chest films?

72 inches

12

What is the radiolucent space behind the sternum called?

Retrosternal clear space

13

What is the radiolucent space behind the heart called?

Retrocardiac clear space

14

What is the optional chest view for pleural effusion?

Lateral decubitus

15

Which side lies against the table for a lateral decubitus view?

Affected side down

16

What is the optional chest view to project clavicle and 1st rib above apices?

Apical lordotic

17

Which hilum is higher in 97% of the population?

Left

18

What structures separates the upper lobe from the middle lobe?

Minor/horizontal fissure

19

What is the most common accessory lobe seen on plain film?

Azygos lobe

20

Which lung is an azygos lobe most commonly found in?

Right

21

What is the most common accessory lobe to occur in general population?

Inferior accessory lobe (10-20%)

22

What rib numbers, right and left - anterior and posterior, relate to the diaphragm?

Right: 7 anterior, 10 posterior
Left: 8 anterior, 11 posterior

23

___________ is an abnormal muscle development with nerve deficiency of the diaphragm?

Eventration/scalloping

24

__________ is the name of the fluid found in the potential space between the visceral and parietal pleura?

Surfactant

25

What is the radiographic pattern associated with excess pleural fluid that fills in the costophrenic angles?

Meniscus sign

26

__________ pleural effusion involves a local collection of fluid due to adhesions.

Encapsulated

27

Where is pleural thickening most commonly located?

Base of the lung

28

Collapse or incomplete expansion of a lung is a sign of what pathology?

Atelectasis

29

What is the most common form of atelectasis (partial or complete collapse of lung)?

Obstructive

30

__________ atelectasis involves a decrease in surfactant.

Adhesive